Hemoptysis


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Related to Hemoptysis: massive hemoptysis

hemoptysis

[hē′mäp·tə·səs]
(medicine)
Discharge of blood from the larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs.

Hemoptysis

 

the expectoration of blood with the sputum.

Hemoptysic sputum may be blood-streaked or mixed with blood (”rusty sputum”). Pure blood may be spit up, scarlet and sometimes in large quantities (for example, in pulmonary hemorrhage). Hemoptysis is seen with tuberculosis and bronchiectasis; with tumors, inflammations, abscesses, and infarctions of a lung; with certain heart diseases; and with diseases of the blood system. Hemoptysis can be caused by the ulceration or rupture of a blood vessel, congestion in the lungs, or increased permeability of the walls of the small blood vessels. Sometimes it occurs when blood flows into the respiratory passages as a result of a nosebleed or bleeding gums. The first aid for hemoptysis involves placing the victim in a semi-recumbent position with an icebag on his chest. He should not be allowed to talk. The condition is treated by eliminating the primary cause and administering hemostatics.

References in periodicals archive ?
Emergency medical services provided no adequate description of the scene to estimate the amount of blood loss by hemoptysis, although hemorrhage can also be a significant contributory factor to his death.
Massive hemoptysis due to pulmonary tuberculosis control with bronchial artery embolization.
0% (29/46) of subjects had symptoms, including hemoptysis, cough, chest pain, expectoration, and fever.
Considering the intractable hemoptysis and the fact that the patient was otherwise healthy and young, a multi-disciplinany decision was made for surgical intervention.
In September 2011 he visited the emergency room because of dyspnea and hemoptysis (approximately 100 mL) and decreased hemoglobin levels were noted.
After remission of fever and hemoptysis and improvement of chronic cough, the patient was discharged from the hospital.
A 47-year-old man presented to emergency with a history of progressively increasing pedal edema for the last two weeks along with progressively increasing dyspnea for the past one week, and hemoptysis for the past two days.
Physicians should consider pulmonary embolism in any patient that exhibits new onset dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain, hemoptysis, and/or unexplained hypotension or syncope.
She denied having chest pain, shortness of breath, weight loss, fever, chills, or any previous episode of hemoptysis.
The indications for treatment of this anomalous artery include the myocardial ischemia (coronary steal phenomenon), left ventricular dysfunction, massive hemoptysis and bronchiectasis.