Henan

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Related to Henan Province: Shandong Province

Henan

or

Honan

(both: ho͝o`nän`), province (2010 pop. 94,023,567), c.65,000 sq mi (168,350 sq km), NE China. The capital is ZhengzhouZhengzhou
or Chengchow
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,323,700), capital of Henan prov., E central China. An important railroad center, the city is at the junction of the Longhai (east-west) and the Beijing-Guangzhou (north-south) railroads. The textile center of Henan prov.
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. It is sparsely settled in the mountainous western region but densely populated and cultivated in the east. Although the climate is dry, the loess provides fertile soil. Henan is a major wheat and cotton producing province; other agricultural products include sorghum, rice, millet, sweet potatoes, tobacco, fruit, oakleaf silk, and oilseed crops (sesame, peanuts). The province is well-watered, with the Huang He (Yellow River) flowing through the northern section and the Huai River in the east; both are generally navigable only for small rivercraft. Floods and droughts, long suffered in Henan, have been alleviated by the building (1960s) of the Sanmen dam on the Huang He in the southwest, the construction of the People's Victory Canal (which diverts water from the Huang He to the Jin River), reforestation efforts, and other irrigation and drainage programs. In addition to its waterways, Henan has many good highways and a fine railway system; the principal north-south and east-west railroad lines of China cross the province, intersecting at Zhengzhou. Coal, abundantly found in Henan, and hydroelectric power from the Sanmen project supply burgeoning industries in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, and Kaifeng. The province has a growing variety of heavy industries, such as chemical works and tractor plants, and light industries, such as the production of textiles, appliances, and electronic equipment. An aluminum plant is at the Sanmen gorge. Petroleum and natural gas can be found at the Zhongyuan oil fields. In addition to coal, iron is mined, and lead and pottery clay are found. Stone Age remains have been discovered in Henan, and from c.2000 B.C. the region was a center of Chinese civilization; Anyang, Luoyang, and Kaifeng are historic cities. In the early 1930s, N Henan was part of the Anhui-Henan-Hubei soviet area (also called the Oyuwan Republic). The area N of the Huang He was a part of Pingyuan prov. from 1949 to 1952.

Henan

, Honan
a province of N central China: the chief centre of early Chinese culture; mainly agricultural (the largest wheat-producing province in China). Capital: Zhengzhou. Pop.: 96 670 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The representative office of Sinomach in Henan province was officially established in Zhengzhou, the provincial capital, on Aug 15.
Sino Gas' operations have been strategically located in Guangdong and Henan Province, with a huge consumption level of LPG and natural gas respectively in both provinces.
Yuzi's ratings are credit linked to Fitch's assessment of the credit profile of Henan province. The linkage is due to Yuzi's 100% government ownership, strong government oversight, solid support record and the socio-political and financial impact on the government if Yuzi defaults.
Carmentix Pte Ltd said on Monday that it plans to launch a clinical preterm birth study to validate its prognostic tool for predicting premature birth in partnership with The University of Melbourne (UoM), The Chinese University Hong Kong (CUHK) and The Henan Province People's Hospital.
M2 EQUITYBITES-June 19, 2018-Carmentix partners with UoM, CUHK and The Henan Province People's Hospital for clinical Preterm Birth study
BEIJING -- Pakistani enterprises to participate in the sixth China Specialty Products Fair to be held in Sanmenxia, Henan province from May 25 to 29.
EST - According to Chinese news agency Xinhua, the office building that went up in flames in Zhengzhou, China, was called Yuansheng International, which is owned by the Greenland Group, a well-known company in the central Henan province, where Zhengzhou is located.
The MoU outlines how the parties will incorporate a joint venture to be known as AirAsia (China) for the purposes of operating a low-cost aviation business based in Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province in central China.
(LSE: AGP) has agreed to sell properties under development in Kaifeng, Henan Province, the PRC, for HKD 900m (USD 116.04m) in cash, the company said.
The 366,000-square-meter plant that produced the chloride-grade TiO2 is located in the Henan Province of China and currently has capacity to produce 100,000 metric tons of chloride-grade TiO2 per year with the capability to expand.