Henri Cartier-Bresson


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Henri Cartier-Bresson
Birthday
BirthplaceChanteloup-en-Brie, France
Died
Occupation
Photographer and Painter

Cartier-Bresson, Henri

(äNrē` kärtēā`-brĕsôN`), 1908–2004, French photojournalist, b. Chanteloup, near Paris. Cartier-Bresson is renowned for his countless memorable images of 20th-century individuals and events. After studying painting and being influenced by surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he began (1931) a career in photography. Achieved with the simplest of techniques, his works are remarkable for their flawless composition, for their capture of what has been called "the decisive moment" in a situation, and for the sense they convey of the rush of time arrested. His photographs, characteristically taken with a 35-mm camera, are uncropped and unmanipulated. Cartier-Bresson witnessed and photographed many of his era's most historic events, from the Spanish Civil War, to the partition of India, the Chinese revolution, and France's 1968 student rebellion. He made numerous photographs of the German occupation of France and in 1944, after escaping from a Nazi prison camp, organized underground photography units. He was the author of many photographic books including The Decisive Moment (1952), People of Moscow (1955), China in Transition (1956), The World of Henri Cartier-Bresson (1968), The Face of Asia (1972), About Russia (1974), and the retrospective Henri Cartier-Bresson: Photographer (1992). A founder (1947) of the Magnum photo agency, he virtually retired from photography in the early 1970s and thenceforth largely devoted himself to drawing.

Bibliography

See his The Mind's Eye: Writings on Photography and Photographers (1999); biography by P. Assouline (2001, tr. 2005); F. Nourissier, Cartier-Bresson's France (tr. 1971); P. Galassi, Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Early Work (1987); J.-P. Montier, Henri Cartier Bresson and the Artless Art (1996); P. Arbaizer et al., Henri Cartier-Bresson (2003); C. Chéroux, Henri Cartier-Bresson: Here and Now (2014).

Cartier-Bresson, Henri

 

Born Aug. 22, 1908, in Chan-teloup, Ile-de-France. Major French photographer.

Cartier-Bresson studied painting under A. Lhote (1929) and turned to photography in 1931. He is one of the founders of Magnum Photos (1947), the international agency of photojournalists. Using a Leica with a standard 50-mm lens, Cartier-Bresson avoids complex and cumbersome technical equipment. He depicts the familiar events of the world around him and the manners and customs of people of different lands. The seeming simplicity of his images is combined with humanistic pathos and social criticism.

Cartier-Bresson’s antifascist position first appeared in photographs taken in the late 1930’s in Spain; he was also a member of the French Resistance. Many of his photographs have an antiwar cast. Cartier-Bresson traveled throughout Europe, America, and Asia in the late 1940’s and 1950’s. His travels in the USSR resulted in the collection The People of Moscow (1957). Vive La France! was published in 1971.

REFERENCE

Photographies de Henri Cartier-Bresson. Paris, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Des le milieu du XXe siecle, le photojournaliste francais Henri Cartier-Bresson affirmait: <<l'important dans notre relation avec la presse est qu'elle nous donne la possibilite d'etre en contact etroit avec les evenements de la vie [.
The first major retrospective exhibition since his death consists of an overwhelming 300 prints, seventy-five percent of which are on loan from the Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation in Paris.
An inner silence; the portraits of Henri Cartier-Bresson.
In discussions of street photography, Henri Cartier-Bresson is impossible to avoid, although it feels cynical indeed to associate the "decisive moment" with a machine that doesn't look, but merely eats up and spits back that which passes in front of its many lenses.
Andre Kertesz By Michael Frizot and Annie-Laure Wanaverbecq (Yale: pounds 48) Is a truly sumptuous homage to the man who the photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson considered one of his masters.
The photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson and the filmmaker Satyajit Ray join Woolf in Robinson's list of geniuses for whom--as he delicately puts it--'there is still some establishing to do:
Other featured artists include Diane Arbus, Richard Avedon, Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson.
Next, Corey Keller, SFMOMA's associate curator of Photography, introduces French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson and discusses Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Modern Century, the retrospective of his work on view at the museum through January 30, 2011.
Around this period, he met Henri Cartier-Bresson and Marc Riboud, who both encouraged him to join the Magnum Photos agency.
The 80 pictures on display consist of vintage and contemporary images by renowned names such as Henri Cartier-Bresson, Mary Ellen Mark, Bruno Barbey and [ETH]douard Boubat and Leon Levinstein.
The prize-winning picture was shot on the streets of Bombay - Rohan is a great fan of Henri Cartier-Bresson, pioneer of street photography - and zoomed in on the cracked feet of a man sleeping, his legs in an unusual pose.
y Henri Cartier-Bresson estuvo alli para capturar el instante preciso.