Henri Farman


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Farman, Henri

 

Born May 26, 1874, in Paris; died there July 17, 1958. French aircraft designer and aviator.

In 1907 and 1908, Farman established several aviation records, including those for flight distance in a straight line (771 m) and for a circular flight (approximately 1 km). He also completed a flight from Bouy to Reims (27 km in 17 min). In 1909 he organized an aviation school near Paris; the school was attended by several Russian pilots, including M. N. Efimov.

Farman began building airplanes in 1909. One of his early models, the F-4 (1909), was used in several countries to train pilots. In 1912, together with his brother Maurice, Farman founded the firm that bore his name (the enterprise was nationalized in 1936). The firm manufactured approximately 30 models of civil and military airplanes and also produced aviation engines. Farman’s F-20, F-30, and F-40 reconnaissance airplanes and F-50 bomber were widely used in World War I, and his Goliath passenger airplane was used by the first European airlines in 1919.

REFERENCES

Sahel, J. Henri Farman et l’aviation. Paris, 1956.
Schmidt, H. A. F. Lexikon Luftfahrt. Berlin, 1972.
Iz istorii aviatsii i kosmonavtiki: [56.], fasc. 22. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
mark as an aviator, certainly presented him as Henri Farman,
One was Louis Strange who mounted a Lewis gun on the front nacelle of a Henri Farman. Daily orders always reminded crews that rifles and side-arms only would be taken aloft.
In 1902, it was acquired by Maurice, fourth Lord Egerton, a motoring enthusiast and owner of Tatton Park, in Knutsford, for a 1903 12/16hp two-cylinder Darracq - the same car driven by Henri Farman when he came second in the 1901 Grand Prix de Pau.
NAMED after French aviators and aircraft manufacturers Henri Farman (1874-1958) and his brother Maurice (1877-1964).
...named after the French aviators Henri Farman (1874-1958) and his brother Maurice (1877-1964), who modified a biplane and won a pounds 2,000 prize for a circular flight of one kilometre in 1908.