Henri Gaudier-Brzeska


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Gaudier-Brzeska, Henri

(äNrē` gōdyā`-bərzĕskä`), 1891–1915, French sculptor. He was the chief exponent of vorticismvorticism
, short-lived 20th-century art movement related to futurism. Its members sought to simplify forms into machinelike angularity. Its principal exponent was a French sculptor, Gaudier-Brzeska.
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 in sculpture. Mainly self-taught in England and Germany, Gaudier showed exceptional precocity in his draftsmanship, animal figures, and abstract works such as The Dancer. Returning to France in 1910, he added the name of his Polish companion Sophie Brzeska to his own. Ezra Pound became his patron some time before Gaudier-Brzeska was killed in World War I at the age of 24. Several of his works are in the South Kensington Museum, London.

Bibliography

See his drawings and sculpture, introd. by M. Levey (1965); biography by H. S. Ede (1930); study by E. Pound (1916, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter v deals with modernism and British little reviews: Arts and Crafts, Symbolism, Rhythm (1911-13) which, despite its title, focused on the visual arts and contemporary artists: Picasso, several others associated with Fauvism, the future Vorticist, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and the Scottish artist Fergusson who became the artistic director.
Gaudier-Brzeska (1916), commemorating Pound's friend the vorticist sculptor Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, killed in the war, serves Gaudier-Brzeska's memory by including his manifesto contributions to the two Blasts and 30 photographic plates of his sculptures and engravings.
Yeats--and later of Wyndham Lewis, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, T.
In the first, "Gaudier-Brzeska," Pound described his favorite modern sculptor, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, as an artistic hero equal to those of the Renaissance--"a modern Cellini"; in the second, "Analysis of this Decade," Pound compared the artistic attitudes of the 1910s with those of the Italian Renaissance.
As an active gathering of writers and artists in the London of 1914-15, including Wyndham Lewis, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, and other contributors to the two numbers of the periodical BLAST, Vorticism lasted only two years.
The collection includes work by Max Beerbohm, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, Frances Hodgkins, Therese Lessore, Paul Nash, CRW Nevinson, John Piper, Michael Rothenstein, Gino Severini, Pavel Tchelitchew, Edward Wadsworth, Rex Whistler, Ethelbert White, Edward Wolfe and Percy Wyndham-Lewis.
Davenport summons and rechannels dormant energies released by his archival subjects--the Vorticist art of Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, the discovery of the Aurignacian cave paintings at Lascaux, and the utopian project of Charles Fourier.
Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, born in 1891, was one of the earliest abstract sculptors and an outstanding exponent of the Vorticist movement.
Meanwhile, friendships with the painter and novelist Wyndham Lewis and with the sculptors Jacob Epstein and Henri Gaudier-Brzeska brought Pound into the world of modern art, and discussions with T.
The ur-text was Jacob Epstein's marble Doves of 1914-15; also included were works by Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, Ursula Edgcumbe, Henry Moore, and Hepworth's first husband, John Skeaping.
As a young poet, Pound worked under the spell of Pre-Raphaelite painters and the impressionist James Abbott McNeill Whistler; later, as he "modernized," Wyndham Lewis and Henri Gaudier-Brzeska (among others) showed him the way.