Henri Grégoire

(redirected from Henri Gregoire)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grégoire, Henri

 

Born Dec. 4, 1750, in Vého, near Lunéville; died May 28, 1831, in Paris. Participant in the Great French Revolution.

The son of a poor peasant, Grégoire was a priest who gained popularity as an opponent of Negro slavery. In 1789 he was elected to the Estates General, in which he supported the proposal that the lower clergy join the deputies of the third estate. He was the first to swear allegiance to the new so-called civil clergy, which came into existence in 1790. Elected a deputy to the Convention in 1792, at its first meeting Grégoire called for abolition of the monarchy. In 1793 he proposed a draft for a declaration on questions of international law, based on the principle of the recognition of the sovereignty of every people. Grégoire reacted favorably to the coup d’etat of 18th Brumaire. During the restoration of the Bourbons (1814 and 1815–30) he was attacked by the reactionary monarchist clergy. Grégoire was well known in Russia, and from 1814 to 1821 he was an honorary member of the University of Kazan.

WORKS

Essai historique sur les libertés de l’Eglise gallicane.... Paris, 1818.
Histoire des sectes religieuses . . ., vols. 1–6. Paris, 1828–45.
Mémoires . . ., vols. 1–2. Paris, 1837.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was first proposed by the Abbe Henri Gregoire as a "depository for machines, models, tools, drawings, descriptions and books in all the areas of the arts and trades,"The deserted Priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs (and particularly its Gothic refectory by Pierre de Montereau) was selected as the site of collection, which formally opened in 1802.
Next is Abbe Henri Gregoire, elected to the national assembly in 1789.
The sect held special interest to English Puritans and even to the Cambridge Platonists, and the Karaites eventually came to the attention of enlightened thinkers like the abbe Henri Gregoire, who saw in the group the forerunners of Jewish emancipation.
And in a letter to Henri Gregoire (February 25, 1809) Jefferson expressed further doubts about his earlier views on race: No person living wishes more sincerely than I do, to see a complete refutation of the doubts I have myself entertained and expressed on the grade of understanding allotted to them by nature....
An interesting line is developed by contrasting the work of Henri Gregoire and Jean-Francois La Harpe, who are concerned with relations between language and Revolution, with later Hegelian thinkers, Hippolyte Taine and Gustave Lanson.
Remember, for example, the efforts of Abbe Henri Gregoire (1750-1830?), who published in 1788 an "Essay on the Physical, Moral, Political, Regeneration of Jews." Later, in 1791, Gregoire became Member of the National Convention, and, in 1794, he fought for the freedom of religious groups, including, of course, Christian ones, but also Jewish and others.
It appears to have been Henri Gregoire's absurd and paradoxical thesis that Pionius was in fact executed in the reign of Marcus Aurelius which first kindled Louis Robert's interest in the Martyrdom as a historical document.
Thomas Jefferson, seeking to qualify his earlier comments on racial inequality, wrote to Henri Gregoire, the French Roman Catholic priest and political dissident, thanking him for sending a copy of Literature of Negroes.