Henri Lammens


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lammens, Henri

 

Born July 1, 1862, in Ghent; died Apr. 23, 1937, in Beirut. Belgian Arabist, historian, and Islamic scholar.

Lammens was a Jesuit missionary. He was a professor at the University of St. Joseph in Beirut from 1882 to 1907 and from 1920 to 1937. He taught at the Papal Biblical Institute in Rome from 1908 to 1912. Lammens wrote on the history of early Islam, on the history, geography, and ethnography of ancient Arabia and Syria, on Arabian literature during the seventh and eighth centuries, and on the modern history of Syria and Lebanon.

REFERENCES

“Le Père H. Lammens.” Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph. Beirut, vol. 21, fasc. 2, 1937–38. (Contains complete bibliography of Lammens’ works.)
Salibi, K. S. “Islam and Syria in the Writings of Henry Lammens.” In Historians of the Middle East. London, 1962. Pages 330–42.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Andalusian era, the French interacted with the Arabic culture and borrowed from it several words and terms that became later a part of vocabulary, His Highness Sheikh Nasser said, noting that this was highlighted by many oriental studies researchers such as Henri Lammens. Pope Sylvester II (946-1003) was also one of the main figures in this interaction during that period, he added.
The writers and journal editors of the arab nahda (awakening/renaissance) Butrus al-Bustani, Jurji Zaydan, Khalil al-Khuri, and Rashid Rida are each given chapters, as is the Belgian Jesuit priest Henri Lammens. The intellectuals are treated as foundational figures for the idea of Syria, laying the groundwork for subsequent developments and uses.
Another issue with the volume is the near constant reference to the influence or inspiration of "Western ideas." With the exception of Kaufman's chapter on Henri Lammens and Shehadeh's etymological chapter, each contributor analyzes the role of Arab figures relative to Syrian nationalism.
This historical perspective, which reflects the views of the early twentieth-century historians Henri Lammens and Leone Caetani rather than Sunni belief, is no longer tenable today after a further century of historical research.
They also do not forbid drinking alcohol, something that made some orientalists, such as Henri Lammens (1862-1937) wonder if they are Christians who hid their faith fearing persecution by Muslims," it added.
The "Greater Syria" idea, first coined by the Belgian Jesuit orientalist Henri Lammens in the late nineteenth century, was politicized in the 1930s by returning Greek Orthodox Lebanese-Brazilian emigre, Antoun Saada.
Veersteegh, and Estelle Whelan, while the second group, the "good guys," include Henri Lammens, Edward Muir, Patricia Crone, Michael Cook, and John Wansbrough, among others.
4), and Henri Lammens was a Belgian Jesuit orientalist and not a French historian (p.