Henri Piéron

(redirected from Henri Pieron)

Piéron, Henri

 

Born July 18, 1881, in Paris; died there Nov. 6, 1964. French psychologist.

Piéron studied at the Sorbonne under T. Ribot and P. Janet. In 1923 he became a professor at the Collège de France. He was a founder of the Institute of Psychology (1921) and the National Institute for Vocational Guidance and the Study of Labor (1928).

Early in his career, Piéron regarded psychology as a biological science of the behavior of man and animals, and he recognized the principal objective method of research to be physiological, histological, and morphological analysis of the brain. His ideas at that time were based on the work of the French physiologist C. Bernard, who believed that the internal medium of the organism was constant. Piéron regarded all mental phenomena as functional elements of adaptive behavior in a certain environment. He maintained that the core of mental life is individual experience and that the mechanisms of acquiring, processing, and using that experience are based on reflex and on nerve association. According to Piéron, these were also the bases of all mental functions (thoughts, perceptions).

Under the influence of the French sociological school, Piéron later turned his attention to the influence of social phenomena on mental functions. However, in investigating separate psychological mechanisms, he did not take into account the actual sociopsychological situations to which an individual is exposed. Piéron’s principal work was devoted to psychophysiology of sensations. He also studied the phylogeny of the mind and brain localization of mental functions.

WORKS

Technique de psychologie expérimentale. Paris, 1904.
Le Problème physiologique du sommeil. Paris, 1913.
Le Cerveau et la pensée, 2nd ed. Paris, 1923.
L’évolution de la mémoire. Paris, 1929.
De l’actinie à l’homme, vol. 1. Paris, 1958.
Psychologie expérimentale, 8th ed. Paris, 1960.
The Sensation, 3rd ed. London, 1960.
L’homme, rien que l’homme. Paris, 1967.

V. I. MAKSIMENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Cette meme annee, le classement et l'inventaire des archives d'un autre psychologue, Henri Pieron (1881-1964), mirent au jour plusieurs cartons de documents ayant appartenu a Binet.
Ouvrier-Bonnaz (eds), Henri Pieron (1881-1964), Psychologie, orientation et education.
Medeiros e Albuquerque (1924) cited the journal Annee Psychologique, with some publications by Henri Pieron and his wife, and explained that the majority of publications on the subject were written in English, because the United States had taken the leadership of the testing movement.
His papers were quoted by Georges Dumas at the Volume IV called Les fonctions et les lois generales (13) (Dumas, 1934) and by Henri Pieron in a text about Zoological Psychology at the fascicle 1, Volume VIII (Pieron, 1941).
Lourengo Filho (1955) defines himself as a disciple of Henri Pieron.
He cited Victor Henry, Henri Pieron, Broca and Carpenter as representatives of psychophysiology and Theodule Ribot for pathological psychology.
Souces found in their archives at Bibliotheque Pieron (Henri Pieron Library at Paris University Rene Descartes), at the College de France (College of France) and the Archives Nationales (French National Archives) respectively show that Henri Pieron visited Brazil in 1923, 1926 and 1947 (Pieron, 1992) and lectured about Experimental Psychology; Pierre Janet went to Brazil in 1922 and 1933 for conferences about pathological psychology; Henri Wallon visited Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, speaking about several subjects such as the psychology of childhood, puberty and determinism in psychology.
railroad psychology), and assorted theoretical twists and turns: 'Most of the founders of [Work & Organizational] psychology in Eastern Europe have been students of Wilhelm Wundt or have worked with Henri Pieron, Alfred Binet, Charles Spearman, Gordon Allport, and others.
Dos anos mas tarde, junto a Henri Pieron, Henri Laugier y Jean-Maurice Lahy, fundo el Instituto de Psicologia y el Instituto Nacional Orientacion Profesional (Le Bianic, 2005).
Ponce conocio a Wallon en 1929, en el laboratorio del College de France cuando visito a Henri Pieron.