Henri Rousseau

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Rousseau, Henri

(äNrē` ro͞osō`), 1844–1910, French primitive painter, b. Laval. He was entirely self-taught, and his work remained consistently naive and imaginative. Rousseau was called Le Douanier [the customs officer] because he held a minor post in the Paris customs service for more than 20 years before he retired to paint (1893). Although he claimed to have lived in Mexico in his youth, he later admitted that the claim was false. The only tropical vegetation Rousseau ever saw was in Parisian greenhouses, and his remarkable landscapes had no counterpart in nature. His painted jungles are an organized profusion of carefully defined yet fantastic plants, half-concealing various wild animals with startlingly staring eyes. These scenes are rendered in a vivid, almost hypnotic folk style. The finest ones include The Snake Charmer (1907; Louvre) and The Dream (1910; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). With the same approach Rousseau employed in painting the familiar (e.g., Village Street Scene, 1909; Philadelphia Mus. of Art), he painted the haunting and dreamlike Sleeping Gypsy (1897; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). His fantastic Gypsy sleeps in a nighttime desert, closely observed by a lion—the entire absurdity rendered in a compelling, straightforward manner. The painting thus combines the unique elements of Rousseau's art to their most startling effect. Rousseau exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants from 1886, but did not become well known until the early years of the 20th cent. when he was "taken up" by PicassoPicasso, Pablo
(Pablo Ruiz y Picasso) , 1881–1973, Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and ceramist, who worked in France. He is generally considered in his technical virtuosity, enormous versatility, and incredible originality and prolificity to have been the
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, ApollinaireApollinaire, Guillaume
, 1880–1918, French poet. He was christened Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky. Apollinaire was a leader in the restless period of technical innovation and experimentation in the arts during the early 20th cent.
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, and other members of the Parisian avant garde.


See R. Shattuck, The Banquet Years (1958, repr. 1968); studies by D. Vallier (1964), D. C. Rich (1946, repr. 1970), G. Adriani (2001), and F. Morris, C. Green, and N. Ireson, ed. (2006).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Estas mismas caracteristicas se presentan en la publicacion Martinica, encantadora de serpientes, escrita por Andre Breton e ilustrada por Andre Masson cuarenta anos despues e inspirada, sin duda, por el cuadro de Henri Rousseau. Escogieron esta pintura porque para ellos sugeria los misterios de los tropicos, tal como los concebia la imaginacion europea.
That personality comes alive, by implication, through the works that form the meat of the show: paintings, sculptures, works on paper, graphics, and illustrated books that Vollard bought, sold, owned, or commissioned during his career--he began exhibiting and selling works of art around 1892, at age twenty-six, and died in 1939--not only by the celebrated artists who made his portrait, but also by Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Maurice Denis, Edouard Vuillard, Henri Rousseau, Henri Matisse, Andre Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck, Aristide Maillol, Raoul Dufy, Odilon Redon, and Georges Rouault.
The connections with the Nabis, the School of Pont-Aven, and Henri Rousseau are well known, but this book pursues them at a pictorial as well as textual level in a most productive manner, and the author also continues her previous quest for Beardsley's 'lost portrait' of Jarry and/or his creation Dr Faustroll.
The paintings by Winslow Homer, Joan Miro, George Inness, Edouard Vuillard, Henri Rousseau, and Jean-Charles Cazin are accompanied by background material and discussion questions (under Art Discussion).
De Brunhoff also pays tribute to the legendary artists Paul Cezanne, Mary Cassatt, Pablo Picasso, Peter Paul Rubens, Henri Rousseau, Francisco de Goya, Edgar Degas, and John Singer Sargent.
To many of us, the term tropical forest suggests an exotic setting, full of bizarrely shaped plants, with occasional huge, garishly colored flowers, and at least a hint of danger, as in a Henri Rousseau painting: an exuberant, often garish, and mysteriously perilous world.
ROSES, YOU MUST BE by Yukiki Inoue "I have never read Yukiko's poems without thinking of the paintings of Henri Rousseau. Rousseau drew plentiful primary color pictures of such tropical animals as panthers or lions to contrast their faces against a tropical rain-forest.
The 19th Century artist Henri Rousseau was a customs officer who painted in his spare time as a socalled Sunday painter.
The focus of this engagement was the revival of Margo Sappington's Virgin Forest, inspired by the work of painter Henri Rousseau. This is an alarmingly lame work whose handsome scenery (designed by G.
Closely associated with Matisse, Henri Rousseau, and other European moderns, he added to their technique the influence of Oriental art.
A My favourite artist is William Morris because of his themes of nature also Henri Rousseau because he depicts a fantasy world in nature that I expect a few of us would like to escape to.