Henri Wallon


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Wallon, Henri

 

Born Mar. 15, 1879, in Paris; died there Dec. 1, 1962. French psychologist and public figure. Member of the French Communist Party since 1942. Participant in the Resistance movement.

Wallon was a specialist in children’s and genetic psychology; he also worked in the field of pathological and applied psychology. He founded the first laboratory in France for children’s psychology (1927) and the first journal in this field, Enfance (1948). On the basis of Wallon’s works on the genesis and stage by stage development of the child’s consciousness—both normal and pathological—and on character, emotions, and postural functions in children, a school of psychology that bears his name was founded. Basing his approach on the philosophy of dialectical materialism, Wallon rejected both physiologism and abstract sociologism in psychology and applied the principle of historicism to the analysis of the psyche.

WORKS

Psychologie pathologique. Paris, 1926.
Principes de psychologie appliquée, 5th ed. Paris, 1950.
Psychologie et éducation de l’enfance. Paris, 1959.
Buts et méthodes de la psychologie. Paris, 1963.
In Russian translation:
Ot deistviia k mysli. Moscow, 1956.
Psikhicheskoe razvitie rebenka. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Leont’ev, A. N. “A. Vallon” (obituary). Voprosy psikhologii, 1963, no. 3.
Tutundzhian, O. M. Psikhologicheskaia kontseptsiia Anri Vallona. Yerevan, 1966.
Zazzo, R. “Wallon, psychologue de l’enfance.” La Pensée, 1953, no. 112.

O. M. TUTUNDZHIAN

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In the field of psychology there were conferences organized by Georges Dumas, Henri Pieron, Pierre Janet and Henri Wallon. Souces found in their archives at Bibliotheque Pieron (Henri Pieron Library at Paris University Rene Descartes), at the College de France (College of France) and the Archives Nationales (French National Archives) respectively show that Henri Pieron visited Brazil in 1923, 1926 and 1947 (Pieron, 1992) and lectured about Experimental Psychology; Pierre Janet went to Brazil in 1922 and 1933 for conferences about pathological psychology; Henri Wallon visited Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, speaking about several subjects such as the psychology of childhood, puberty and determinism in psychology.
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