Henri Wallon


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wallon, Henri

 

Born Mar. 15, 1879, in Paris; died there Dec. 1, 1962. French psychologist and public figure. Member of the French Communist Party since 1942. Participant in the Resistance movement.

Wallon was a specialist in children’s and genetic psychology; he also worked in the field of pathological and applied psychology. He founded the first laboratory in France for children’s psychology (1927) and the first journal in this field, Enfance (1948). On the basis of Wallon’s works on the genesis and stage by stage development of the child’s consciousness—both normal and pathological—and on character, emotions, and postural functions in children, a school of psychology that bears his name was founded. Basing his approach on the philosophy of dialectical materialism, Wallon rejected both physiologism and abstract sociologism in psychology and applied the principle of historicism to the analysis of the psyche.

WORKS

Psychologie pathologique. Paris, 1926.
Principes de psychologie appliquée, 5th ed. Paris, 1950.
Psychologie et éducation de l’enfance. Paris, 1959.
Buts et méthodes de la psychologie. Paris, 1963.
In Russian translation:
Ot deistviia k mysli. Moscow, 1956.
Psikhicheskoe razvitie rebenka. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Leont’ev, A. N. “A. Vallon” (obituary). Voprosy psikhologii, 1963, no. 3.
Tutundzhian, O. M. Psikhologicheskaia kontseptsiia Anri Vallona. Yerevan, 1966.
Zazzo, R. “Wallon, psychologue de l’enfance.” La Pensée, 1953, no. 112.

O. M. TUTUNDZHIAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In elaborating the concept of mirror stage, Jacques Lacan used the studies about the psychology of child made by Henri Wallon, which describe children's reactions when they see their image reflected in the mirror.
Ainda em 1923 associou-se a organizacao Compagnons de l'Universite Nouvelle, constituida basicamente por estudantes universitarios que se conheceram nas trincheiras da Primeira Guerra, com destaque para dois iminentes nomes como Paul Langevin e Henri Wallon. Os membros dessa instituicao acreditavam na extrema necessidade de uma reforma em todos os niveis do ensino frances.
Iniciaremos pela abordagem de Henri Wallon (1879-1962), a qual privilegia o aspecto afetivo, indicando seu papel estruturante no inicio da vida da crianca.
It would have been useful to situate Piaget's contribution alongside that of the other French developmental systematist, Henri Wallon, who followed Baldwin's lead in a closer spirit than did Piaget.