Henrietta Maria


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Henrietta Maria

(mərī`ə), 1609–69, queen consort of Charles ICharles I,
1600–1649, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49), second son of James I and Anne of Denmark. Early Life

He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother Henry in 1612 and was made prince of Wales in 1616.
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 of England, daughter of Henry IVHenry IV,
1553–1610, king of France (1589–1610) and, as Henry III, of Navarre (1572–1610), son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret; first of the Bourbon kings of France.
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 of France. She married Charles in 1625. Although she was devoted and loyal to her husband, her Roman Catholic faith made her suspect in England. By her negotiations with the pope, with foreign powers, and with English army officers, she added to the suspicions against Charles that helped to precipitate (1642) the English civil war. After 1644 she lived in France, making continual efforts to secure foreign aid for her husband until his execution in 1649. She returned (1660) to England after the Restoration, but resumed living in France in 1665. Her influence may have affected the religious beliefs of her sons Charles IICharles II,
1630–85, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660–85), eldest surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria. Early Life

Prince of Wales at the time of the English civil war, Charles was sent (1645) to the W of England with his council,
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 and James IIJames II,
1633–1701, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685–88); second son of Charles I, brother and successor of Charles II. Early Life
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, although she herself was unsuccessful in her attempts to convert them to Catholicism.

Bibliography

See biography by E. Hamilton (1976); study by Q. Bone (1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Henrietta Maria

1609--69, queen of England (1625--49), the wife of Charles I; daughter of Henry IV of France. Her Roman Catholicism contributed to the unpopularity of the crown in the period leading to the Civil War
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The six letters written by Henrietta Maria are placed mid-text, another subtle nuance of a foreign threat at the center of King Charles's world.
Houckgeest was one of several painters--including, most famously, Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)--whose work enhanced the image of Charles I and Henrietta Maria. Court portraiture, poetry, masque, and ceremony embodied the grace and majesty of king and queen consort in the domestic peace of the 1630s.
Charles (son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of o James (son of James II and Mary of Modena): Created Prince of Wales c.
Conversely, Dolan wants to disagree with the historians who "dismiss [Queen] Henrietta Maria as more interested in people than in politics" (130), but if all evidence is merely representational and therefore fictional, on what grounds can she dispute such an interpretation?
Taking with due seriousness the dedications to King, Queen, and major figures of the court, she sees the book as part of a celebration of ideas of marriage and monarchy as they could and might be, and links it with the attitudes that the `Court neo-Platonism' surrounding Henrietta Maria and Charles I encouraged.
He tried the same method with his compatriot, Marie de Medici, the Queen Mother of France, and this time was successful, moving to Paris in 1624; but not caring for her court, he followed her daughter, Henrietta Maria, now Queen of England, to London two years later.
Two royal ships, the Henrietta Maria and the Charles were under construction in 1632, and the Charles was launched in March 1633.(4) Whether the Mary was also launched at that time is not clear from Mathew's account, but that she was under sail by this date is evident from a comedy entitled The Launching of the Mary, or The Seaman's Honest Wife by one Walter Mountfort, licensed 27 June 1633.(5) We thus have what appears to be a pretty irrefutable terminus a quo.
ON THIS DAY 1669: Henrietta Maria, French wife of Charles I of England, died near Paris.
A Mary, Queen of Scots B Mary Tudor C Mary of Guise D Henrietta Maria QUESTION 12 - for 12 points: Bill Nighy won his only Golden Globe award for best actor in which TV drama?
Endymion Porter was picture agent to Charles I and Olivia, whom he married in 1619, was a lady-inwaiting to his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria. The painting was acquired by the 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602-68) and remained in the family.
2), that Quixote-like allegory of Charles I and Henrietta Maria. (The same cannot be said of the National Gallery, which has conspicuously withheld 'Peace and War' [1629-30].) In St George and the Dragon there may be more than just Southwark at the left of the canvas--could these buildings, which might seem to include a spectre of the Banqueting House itself, be an allegory of the civitas, rather than merely St Mary Overie, now Southwark cathedral, and its environs?
In the exchanges between the sisters, Lucy uses her position as Lady of Queen Henrietta Maria's bedchamber to make advances for her brother-in-law.