Henry Addington

Addington, Henry:

see Sidmouth, Henry Addington, ViscountSidmouth, Henry Addington, Viscount,
1757–1844, British statesman. He entered Parliament in 1784 and in 1789, through the sponsorship of William Pitt, became speaker of the House of Commons.
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Addington, Henry


Viscount Sidmouth. Born May 30, 1757; died Feb. 15, 1844. English politician.

Elected to Parliament as a Tory in 1783, Addington was prime minister from 1801 to 1804 and home secretary in the Liverpool government from 1813 to 1821. He sanctioned the bloody massacre at a mass meeting in Manchester on Aug. 16, 1819 (Peterloo). The same year he introduced several emergency laws against freedom of expression, assembly, and the press (the so-called gag acts).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1803: Henry Addington introduces taxation at source as well as a system of Schedules.
It was then abolished by Henry Addington, who re-introduced it within two years.
In 1801 he resigned, only to quickly grow impatient with his successor, Henry Addington. He barged past Addington and back into office in 1804, but this second spell at No.10 was far shorter and less successful than the first.
I tried to push such a possibility from my mind as I plunged into Henry Addington's pub on Canary Wharf in search of my first smacker.
In fact, its dedication celebrated Henry Addington and the peace of Amiens in 1802, supporting in a way the views of Barca, whom some in Lisbon reproached for being a Francophile.
For this the British prime minister Henry Addington's new administration, formed in February 1801, deserves more credit than either contemporaries or historians have traditionally given it.