Henry Bessemer

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Henry Bessemer
BirthplaceCharlton, Hertfordshire, England
engineer and inventor
Known for Development of the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bessemer, Henry


Born Jan. 19,1813, in Charlton, Hertfordshire; died Mar. 15, 1898, in London. English inventor; member of the Royal Society (from 1879).

Bessemer had more than 100 patents for inventions in various fields of technology, among which were a needle punch for postage stamps, a type foundry machine (1838), a machine for pressing sugarcane (1849), and a centrifugal pump (1850). Work on the improvement of a heavy artillery shell in 1854 led him to seek a better method of producing cast steel for gun barrels. In 1856, Bessemer patented a converter to transform molten pig iron into steel by blowing air without the expenditure of fuel, which became the basis for the so-called Bessemer process. In 1860 he patented a rotating converter with the air supplied through the bottom and a trunnion, a design that has basically been retained to the present. Bessemer proposed the idea of continuous steel casting.


Sorokin, Iu. N. “Genri Bessemer.” In Voprosy istorii estestvonaniia i tekhniki, issue 1. Moscow, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1884 Henry Fairchild leased a 150,000-acre tract of mineral land on Red Mountain and two years later founded, in cooperation with others, the industrial center of Bessemer, named for the Englishman Sir Henry Bessemer. Ensley, who began to overshadow Thomas Hillman, took control of the Alice Furnace Company, as well as the Linn Iron Works; he combined these enterprises with the Pratt Coal & Coke Company in 1884, to create the Pratt Coal & Iron Company, by far the largest business entity that ever existed in Alabama.
Sheffield steel entrepreneur Sir Henry Bessemer's folly was an anti-sea- sickness ship in which the cabins swung independently of the motion of the ship.
At least Robert Mushet received a pension of [pounds]300 per annum (equivalent to [pounds]20,000 today) from the great steel maker Sir Henry Bessemer in recognition of him perfecting 'The Bessemer Process of Steel Making'.
The British metallurgist Henry Bessemer (1813-1898) sought a way of removing the carbon from cast iron more cheaply.
Not only that, but the twenty yards of material needed for this phenomenon were supplemented by so many petticoats that women were seriously weighed down by it all until the steel magnate, Sir Henry Bessemer, came to the rescue in 1856 with his method of manufacturing sprung steel, from which a cage was made to replace the petticoats.
Independently, Henry Bessemer had perfected the technique in England in 1856.
He often discounts the hypotheses of other historians by claiming a host of new discoveries; thus, Henry Bessemer was the first to highlight "scientific management," or a parade in 1880 was the first "Labor Day celebration," and other authors have misunderstood ethnic diversities between Slavic immigrant groups lumping together non-Slavic and Slavic immigrants with workers from other eastern European nations.