Henry Grattan


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grattan, Henry

 

Born July 3, 1746, in Dublin; died June 4, 1820, in London. Irish political figure, leader of liberal opposition to the English government, lawyer, prominent orator.

In 1775, Grattan came forward in the Irish House of Commons as the spokesman of the Irish bourgeoisie who were dissatisfied with the British policy of colonization. He was one of the leaders of the Whig Club, which tried to limit the national movement with moderate-liberal demands. In 1800. Grattan unsuccessfully fought against the bill on Anglo-Irish union, which provided for the liquidation of the Irish Parliament. In 1805 he was elected to the English Parliament, where he joined with the Whig group.

L. I. GOL’MAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Goff had a sense of duty towards those over whom he held authority, and while he was anxious about Emancipation, he was amenable to it in a limited form; he was an admirer of Henry Grattan. Nevertheless, he resigned himself to its inevitability as disestablishment and a Hibernian Republic became a bigger fear.
Henry Grattan and other Dublin politicians made common cause with "the people," and this meant Catholic relief.
Angela, 52, was stunned to find a small picture, printed on silk, and labelled "Henry Grattan".
It was an irony that they should be, for their Protestant people of the--Wolfe Tone and Thomas Davis, and Parnell, the Henry Grattan after whom Grattan was named--had in their different ways and in their different times been the inspiration for the Ireland that had come about, and Grattan knew that its birth was Ireland's due no matter how, in the end, it had happened.
Whether local orators like roaring Hugh Hanna or eccentric Tommy Toye, international visitors such as the exotic Lorenzo Dow, or professional orators like Henry Grattan Guinness or Dwight L.
This dissertation first shows how the Englishman Henry Grattan Guinness tried to convince different mission societies to take up mission work in the up-to-then unreached Sudan belt.
Mansergh continues his study of late-18th-century Irish political history and the 1800 Act of Union by arguing that the Whigs in the Irish parliament, Henry Grattan and his circle in particular, played a central role in bringing about the civil conflict of the 1790s.
Ireland deeply marked both men's views; the collapse of Henry Grattan's experiment in liberalizing the Ascendancy regime with the 1798 rebellion and the 1801 Act of Union with Great Britain dominated politics in Croker's formative years.
"First there is the statue of Henry Grattan then about 100 yards up the road there is a row of trees.
He ran for parliament in 1790, but was opposed by Henry Grattan and Lord Henry Fitzgerald and was defeated.
It will be more informative for North American than Irish readers because few on this continent are familiar with such names as William Molyneux, Henry Flood, and Henry Grattan. Even Jonathan Swift, well known as the author of Gulliver's Travels, is outside of his native country seldom recognized as a figure in Irish politics.