Henry Hobson Richardson


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Henry Hobson Richardson: Richard Morris Hunt
Henry Hobson Richardson
Birthday
BirthplacePriestly Plantation St. James Parish Louisiana, USA
Died
NationalityAmerican
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Richardson, Henry Hobson

 

Born Sept. 29, 1838, in St. James, La.; died Apr. 27, 1886, in Brookline, near Boston, Mass. American architect.

Richardson was graduated from Harvard University in 1859 and from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1865. He worked in New York from 1865 to 1874, at which time he moved his practice to Brookline.

The most influential American architect of the 1870’s and 1880’s, Richardson made masterful use of massive Romanesque forms to create emphatically solid compositions, which were at times imbued with romanticism. Works from this period include Trinity Church in Boston (1873–77) and the Allegheny County courthouse and jail in Pittsburgh (1884–88). Richardson’s buildings, which served as a basis for a specifically American architectural tradition, have a precisely functional organization. The austere simplicity of the facades of the Marshall Field wholesale store in Chicago (1885–87, no longer standing) anticipated the Chicago rationalist buildings of the 1880’s and 1890’s. Richardson’s wooden houses (for example, the Bryant House in Cohasset, Mass., 1880) were the prototypes of compact and comfortable shingle-faced dwellings.

REFERENCE

Hitchcock, H. R. The Architecture of H. H. Richardson and His Times, new ed. Cambridge, Mass., 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Breisch Henry Hobson Richardson and the Small Public Library in America: A Study in Typology.
The First Baptist Church, originally the New Brattle Square Church, was built in Boston by Henry Hobson Richardson. The church was one of his first truly distinguished works.
More than a rail geek's paradise, the Steaming Tender is a worthwhile dinner stop just beyond Sturbridge and Brimfield, located in an 1881 edifice designed by noted 19th-century architect Henry Hobson Richardson.
Margaret Henderson Floyd Henry Hobson Richardson: A Genius for Architecture.
Henry Hobson Richardson, architect of Trinity Church, Boston (1877), displayed his functional approach to public buildings in his design of suburban railroad stations for the Boston & Albany Railroad in the Boston area.
The Marshall Field Building, designed by Henry Hobson Richardson, was completed, marking the beginning of a new era in commercial architecture.