Henry Hobson Richardson


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Related to Henry Hobson Richardson: Richard Morris Hunt
Henry Hobson Richardson
Birthday
BirthplacePriestly Plantation St. James Parish Louisiana, USA
Died
NationalityAmerican

Richardson, Henry Hobson

 

Born Sept. 29, 1838, in St. James, La.; died Apr. 27, 1886, in Brookline, near Boston, Mass. American architect.

Richardson was graduated from Harvard University in 1859 and from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1865. He worked in New York from 1865 to 1874, at which time he moved his practice to Brookline.

The most influential American architect of the 1870’s and 1880’s, Richardson made masterful use of massive Romanesque forms to create emphatically solid compositions, which were at times imbued with romanticism. Works from this period include Trinity Church in Boston (1873–77) and the Allegheny County courthouse and jail in Pittsburgh (1884–88). Richardson’s buildings, which served as a basis for a specifically American architectural tradition, have a precisely functional organization. The austere simplicity of the facades of the Marshall Field wholesale store in Chicago (1885–87, no longer standing) anticipated the Chicago rationalist buildings of the 1880’s and 1890’s. Richardson’s wooden houses (for example, the Bryant House in Cohasset, Mass., 1880) were the prototypes of compact and comfortable shingle-faced dwellings.

REFERENCE

Hitchcock, H. R. The Architecture of H. H. Richardson and His Times, new ed. Cambridge, Mass., 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
A nearly parallel publishing event has just occurred that has similarly transformed our understanding of the work of Henry Hobson Richardson (1838-1886), a man Lewis Mumford considered the greatest architectural mind since Wren.
More than a rail geek's paradise, the Steaming Tender is a worthwhile dinner stop just beyond Sturbridge and Brimfield, located in an 1881 edifice designed by noted 19th-century architect Henry Hobson Richardson.
Henry Hobson Richardson, architect of Trinity Church, Boston (1877), displayed his functional approach to public buildings in his design of suburban railroad stations for the Boston & Albany Railroad in the Boston area.
The University maintains a campus situated in Newport s Historic Ochre Point District, and among its 26 properties are several buildings of historic value including Ochre Court, designed in the late 1880 s by Richard Morris Hunt, and the William Watts Sherman House, an 1876 design by Henry Hobson Richardson which is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Marshall Field Building, designed by Henry Hobson Richardson, was completed, marking the beginning of a new era in commercial architecture.
The firm of Shepley Bulfinch Richardson and Abbott was founded in Boston in 1874 by Henry Hobson Richardson, a major early influence in American architectural design.