Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of

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Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of,

1517?–1547, English poet; son of Thomas Howard, 3d duke of Norfolk. His irascibility and continuous vaunting of his descent from Edward I resulted in his imprisonment on several occasions. Eventually he was convicted of treason on a trumped-up charge and executed. He introduced blank verse to English in translating two books of Vergil's Aeneid. Along with his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt, he popularized the Petrarchan sonnet form in English. He was the only poet mentioned on the title page of the well-known miscellany (1557) of Richard TottelTottel, Richard
, c.1530–1594?, London publisher. He is chiefly remembered as the compiler of the poetry anthology The Book of Songs and Sonnets (1557), known as Tottel's miscellany.
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No stone marks his resting-place, but his friend and fellow-poet, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, wrote a noble elegy:--
Henry VIII's Last Victim: The Life and Times of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey.
The careers of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (beheaded on 19 January 1547) and Thomas Wyatt (suspected of being one of Anne Boleyn's lovers, pardoned and died aged 39 in 1542) are examined and the imperilled state of their existence exposed (despite both being devout Protestants).
Henry VIII's Last Victim The Life and Times of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey Jessie Childs Jonathan Cape 416 pp 20 [pounds sterling] ISBN 0224063251
appearance" of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey within the song of the
Mary Fitzroy was the sister of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, amongst whose poems 'O happy dames' is included in Tottel's Miscellany.
For others, such as the poet Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, hunting was associated with a nostalgic, lost happiness.
After serving in the household of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, Churchyard became a mercenary, for 30 years fighting in almost every campaign in Scotland, Ireland, the Low Countries, and France under various banners.
The sonnet was introduced to England, along with other Italian verse forms, by Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, in the 16th century.