Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of

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Surrey, Henry Howard, earl of,

1517?–1547, English poet; son of Thomas Howard, 3d duke of Norfolk. His irascibility and continuous vaunting of his descent from Edward I resulted in his imprisonment on several occasions. Eventually he was convicted of treason on a trumped-up charge and executed. He introduced blank verse to English in translating two books of Vergil's Aeneid. Along with his friend Sir Thomas Wyatt, he popularized the Petrarchan sonnet form in English. He was the only poet mentioned on the title page of the well-known miscellany (1557) of Richard TottelTottel, Richard
, c.1530–1594?, London publisher. He is chiefly remembered as the compiler of the poetry anthology The Book of Songs and Sonnets (1557), known as Tottel's miscellany.
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No stone marks his resting-place, but his friend and fellow-poet, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, wrote a noble elegy:--
I hate to add anything to Professor Bloom's reading-list, but should he have time to consult the recent anthology Horace in English (Penguin Classics, 1996), he would find that the odes have been translated by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, Sidney, Ben Jonson, Herrick, Milton, Crashaw, Cowley, Dryden, Pope, Samuel Johnson, Wordsworth, Byron, Tennyson, Hopkins, Housman, Kipling (whose "Translation of ode 5.
appearance" of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey within the song of the