Henry Hudson


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Henry Hudson
BirthplaceEngland
Occupation
English Sea Commander, Author

Hudson, Henry,

fl. 1607–11, English navigator and explorer. He was hired (1607) by the English Muscovy Company to find the Northeast PassageNortheast Passage,
water route along the northern coast of Europe and Asia, between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Beginning in the 15th cent., efforts were made to find a new all-water route to India and China.
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 to Asia. He failed, and another attempt (1608) to find a new route was also fruitless. Engaged (1609) for the same purpose by the Dutch East India Company, he sailed in the Half Moon to Spitsbergen, where extreme ice and cold brought his crew near mutiny. Hudson, determined not to lose his reputation as an explorer, disregarded his instructions and sailed westward hoping to find the Northwest PassageNorthwest Passage,
water routes through the Arctic Archipelago, N Canada, and along the northern coast of Alaska between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Even though the explorers of the 16th cent.
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. He entered Chesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay, and later New York Bay. He was the first European to ascend (1609) the Hudson River (named for him), nearly to present-day Albany. His voyage gave the Dutch their claim to the region. His fourth expedition (1610), financed by English adventurers, started from England. Again he sailed westward, hoping to find the Northwest Passage. Between Greenland and Labrador he entered Hudson Strait and by it reached Hudson Bay. After weeks of exploration, he was forced by ice to winter there. By the next summer (1611) his starved and diseased crew mutinied and set Hudson, with his son and seven men, adrift in a small boat, without food or water. He was never seen again. His discoveries, however, gave England its claim to the Hudson Bay region.

Bibliography

See R. O'Connell, Hudson's Fourth Voyage (1978); D. Hunter, Half Moon: Henry Hudson and the Voyage that Redrew the Map of the New World (2009); P. C. Marshall, Fatal Journey: The Final Expedition of Henry Hudson (2009).

Hudson, Henry

 

Born about 1550; died 1611. English navigator.

In search of a northern sea route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific, Hudson made four voyages in the arctic seas from 1607 to 1611, voyages organized by London and Amsterdam merchants who were seeking new routes to China and India that would circumvent Spanish and Portuguese possessions. In 1607, intending to get through to the Pacific Ocean by way of the north pole, he went to 80° 23” N lat. and discovered Jan Mayen Island on the way. In 1608 he tried unsuccessfully to find a passage between Spitsbergen and Novaia Zemlia. In 1609, in the service of the Dutch East India Company, he set off first to the Barents Sea and from there to the shores of North America to seek the Northwest Passage; he surveyed part of the coast of the continent, discovered the mouth of the Hudson River, and traveled 250 km up the river. In 1610 he got through to the west by a strait (Hudson Strait) between Labrador and Baffin Island and discovered a vast bay (Hudson Bay). In its southern part (James Bay) Hudson’s ship spent the winter. On the return voyage in 1611, the crew mutinied. Hudson, his son, and seven sailors, who were put off the ship into a small boat, disappeared without a trace.

REFERENCES

Mowat, F. Ispytanie I’dom. Moscow, 1966. Chapter 2. (Translated from English.)
Powys, L. Henry Hudson. London, 1928.
Neatby, L. H. In Quest of the North West Passage. Toronto, 1958.

Hudson, Henry

seeking a northwest passage to the Orient, in 1609 he explored the river later named for him. [Am. Hist.: Benét, 482]
References in periodicals archive ?
To commemorate Henry Hudson and the voyage of the "Half Moon," New York has now unveiled a pavilion named for New Amsterdam.
Facing death by hanging, they claimed that Henry Hudson had not been killed during the mutiny.
(1) This lore is outlined in Corey Sandler's Henry Hudson: Dreams and Obsession--The Tragic Legacy of the New World's Least Understood Explorer (New York: Kensington, 2007).
Narrator A: Captain Henry Hudson meets with directors of the Muscovy Company, an English firm that promotes trade with Russia.
"Many of the structures along the Henry Hudson Parkway were constructed in the 1930s," said Diane C.
Descriptions of early New Amsterdam landmarks and old Dutch-American legends are included in the history, as are the discovery of America, the voyage of Henry Hudson, the founding of New Amsterdam, and the hostility of the British, who were based in nearby Connecticut.
There followed The Mexican Guide (1886), The Aztec Treasure-House (1890), Stories of Old New Spain (1891), The Uncle of an Angel, and Other Stories (1891), Embassy to Provence (1893), In Old New York (1894), In the Sargasso Sea (1898), In Great Waters (1901), The Passing of Thomas (1900), The Christmas Kalends of Provence (1902), The Dutch Founding of New York (1903), Henry Hudson (1909), Legends of the City of Mexico (1910), From the South of France (1912), and At the Casa Napoleon (1914).
The history of the park dates back to 1684 when Henry Hudson leased land for quarrying.
When completed this month, The Whitehall's roof-top park will sit above the Henry Hudson Parkway at almost the same height as the High Line's right-of-way above Manhattan's West Village streets.
Henry Hudson Regional School, Highlands, New Jersey
Novelist-historian and settler-descendant Firth Haring Fabend sets out to produce a concise and popular history of the former Dutch colony in North America from the initial exploration by Henry Hudson in 1609 to the final transfer of the Dutch settlement to the English in 1674 in order to challenge the Anglocentric paradigm and finally make "one of our best kept secrets," America's Dutch connection, available to a wider American audience (i, 124).