Henry Ireton

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ireton, Henry


Born 1611; died Nov. 26, 1651. Figure in the English bourgeois revolution of the 17th century; ideologist of the moderate Independents; associate of O. Cromwell.

Ireton was one of the organizers of the new army (the so-called New Model Army), in which he served as commissary general. In 1645 he was elected to the Long Parliament. Ireton was the main opponent of the Levellers at the conference in Putney in 1647; he supported the continuation of the king and the House of Lords and opposed the ideas of the Agreement of the People. However, in the fall of 1648, when it became clear that the Independents could not retain power without executing the king, Ireton became one of the organizers and participants in the trial of Charles I. He set out on the Irish campaign in 1649 as an aide of Cromwell and remained in Ireland as lord lieutenant.


Ramsey, R. W. Henry Ireton. London, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Henry Ireton B Charles Stewart C Randolph Carter D Harold Fields 5.
Resistance to Cromwell's successors, Henry Ireton, Charles Fleetwood and Henry Cromwell would take the form of rear-action guerilla warfare by "tory [irregular]" units under leaders like Hugh MacPhelim O'Byrne and John Fitzpatrick.
Clodagh Tait supplies three linked case studies of the way in which the death of some notorious religious persecutors--Sir William Drury, Henry Ireton and Sir Charles Coote--were represented as the just vengeance of God by Catholic propagandists, while in a nicely placed piece Kevin Forkan offers an account of the strikingly different manner in which the death and reputation of the last named persecutor was represented by Protestant propagandists.
Cromwell may have reconquered Ireland, but it was Henry Ireton who completed the job and implemented the changes, with often equal severity.
This work is not a biography of Henry Ireton. Rather, its author's aim is to relate Ireton to the various events of the English Civil Wars that shaped both his own position and that of the New Model Army concerning the goals of the rebellion.
Barbara Taft, meanwhile, provides valuable insight into Henry Ireton, conventionally the villain at Putney for his socially conservative resistance to radical proposals.
His campaign ended with an assault on Clonmel and in May 1650 he returned to England, leaving his son-in-law Henry Ireton in command.
However, Hulme gave his conservative argument an unusual concluding twist, by apparently quoting from Milton and from the Civil War parliamentary general, Henry Ireton. The former made the point that liberty has been won 'in the field', while the latter apparently supported Hulme's belief that 'men are born corrupt and will remain so' (362).
Foremost among these rivals for attention is surely Cromwell's son-in-law Henry Ireton, and in this new biographical study David Farr emphasises that, for the period between the spring of 1647 and the new year of 1649, "one of the most important influences on Cromwell ...
He participated at the battles of Naseby and Langport, fought at the sieges of Bridgwater, Sherborne, Bristol, Colchester, and Worcester, and blockaded Oxford, gaining a level of outspoken prominence that finally put him at odds with Thomas Fairfax, Oliver Cromwell, and Henry Ireton. Jones, a retired lecturer, academic administrator, and author of The Tree of Commonwealth (2000), points out that Rainborowe, a prickly and ambitious character in his own right, was part of the delegation that presented Henry Ireton's Heads of the Proposals Offered by the Army to Charles I as the basis for a proposed constitutional monarchy.