Henry Maudsley

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Maudsley, Henry


Born Feb. 5, 1835, near Settle, Yorkshire; died Jan. 23 (or 24), 1918, in Bushy Heath, Hertfordshire. English psychiatrist and philosopher.

In 1857, Maudsley graduated from the University of London. He became a member of the Royal Medical Society in 1869. From 1869 to 1879 he was a professor at the University of London; he later worked in psychiatric hospitals, including the one in London that he founded. Maudsley was the founder of the evolutionary school of psychiatry; he was a follower of C. Darwin, who highly valued Maudsley’s book Physiology and Pathology of Mind (1867; Russian translation, 1871).

Maudsley laid the foundations of child psychiatry in Great Britain and made a substantial contribution to the development of legal psychiatry. In his philosophical views, Maudsley was a positivist. He upheld the theory of psychophysiological parallelism and applied the laws of biological evolution to the study of the social and historical development of man. Maudsley defended colonialism and considered wars beneficial to mankind.


Organic to Human: Psychological and Sociological London, 1916.
In Russian translation:
Nasledstvennost’ v zdorov’e i v bolezni. St. Petersburg, 1886.
Qmmminmt’ pri dushevnykh bolezniakh, St, Petersburg, 1875.


Morozov, V. M. “Evoliutsionnoe napravlenie v psikhiatrii.” Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S. S. Korsakova, 1957, vol. 57, issue 4
References in periodicals archive ?
When Henry Maudsley founded the hospital in the early 1900s he had three principles: to try to get people better, rather than simply removing them from society; the need for research into finding new and better treatments; and training for people delivering care.
Although 19th-century psychiatrist Henry Maudsley cautioned that, "the sorrow which has no vent in tears may make the other organs weep," men have stayed largely stoic in modern times.
Henry Maudsley, "perhaps the greatest of all the machine-tool inventors, began work at 12 as a powder-monkey in a cartridge works.
Henry Maudsley wrote in 1892 when questioning why mothers kill their children: "[a] mother, worn down by anxiety and ill-health," can become "very low-spirited and desponding" and "imagin[ing] perhaps that her soul is lost, or that her family are coming to poverty," might "one day, in a paroxysm of despair, kill[] her children in order to save them from misery on earth, or because she is so miserable that she knows not what she does.
161) Henry Maudsley, for instance, gave a lecture in 1870 where he noted that women had a variety of biological and hormonal characteristics that could contribute to female crime.
Henry Maudsley, for example, recognized that M'Naghten had "transacted business a short time before" the shooting and had "shown no obvious symptoms of insanity in his ordinary discourse and conduct.
162) ZEDNER, supra note 125, at 87 (citing HENRY MAUDSLEY, Lecture Three--On the Relations of Morbid Bodily States to Disordered Mental States, in BODY AND M1ND: AN INQUIRY INTO THEM CONNECTION AND MENTAL INFLUENCE 79-89 (1870)); see also Showalter, supra note 149, at 322 (quoting T.