Henry Maudsley


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maudsley, Henry

 

Born Feb. 5, 1835, near Settle, Yorkshire; died Jan. 23 (or 24), 1918, in Bushy Heath, Hertfordshire. English psychiatrist and philosopher.

In 1857, Maudsley graduated from the University of London. He became a member of the Royal Medical Society in 1869. From 1869 to 1879 he was a professor at the University of London; he later worked in psychiatric hospitals, including the one in London that he founded. Maudsley was the founder of the evolutionary school of psychiatry; he was a follower of C. Darwin, who highly valued Maudsley’s book Physiology and Pathology of Mind (1867; Russian translation, 1871).

Maudsley laid the foundations of child psychiatry in Great Britain and made a substantial contribution to the development of legal psychiatry. In his philosophical views, Maudsley was a positivist. He upheld the theory of psychophysiological parallelism and applied the laws of biological evolution to the study of the social and historical development of man. Maudsley defended colonialism and considered wars beneficial to mankind.

WORKS

Organic to Human: Psychological and Sociological London, 1916.
In Russian translation:
Nasledstvennost’ v zdorov’e i v bolezni. St. Petersburg, 1886.
Qmmminmt’ pri dushevnykh bolezniakh, St, Petersburg, 1875.

REFERENCE

Morozov, V. M. “Evoliutsionnoe napravlenie v psikhiatrii.” Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S. S. Korsakova, 1957, vol. 57, issue 4
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
She invokes a varied cast of Victorian thinkers and scientists, both in Chapter 1 and throughout the work, including Eduard von Hartmann, Henry Maudsley, George Romanes, and Robson Roose.
When Henry Maudsley founded the hospital in the early 1900s he had three principles: to try to get people better, rather than simply removing them from society; the need for research into finding new and better treatments; and training for people delivering care.
Although 19th-century psychiatrist Henry Maudsley cautioned that, "the sorrow which has no vent in tears may make the other organs weep," men have stayed largely stoic in modern times.
It sets aside the sexually repressive doctrines of the Catholic Church, to which the young Stephen Dedalus is daily exposed, in favour of tracts by William Acton, Henry Maudsley, and others which Stephen has never heard of and Joyce himself may well not have read.
He had only a few years at a school for the poor, but as a bookbinder's apprentice he read the works he bound." Henry Maudsley, "perhaps the greatest of all the machine-tool inventors, began work at 12 as a powder-monkey in a cartridge works." Matthew Murray, "the great engine designer, began as a kitchen boy and butler."
Henry Maudsley wrote in 1892 when questioning why mothers kill their children: "[a] mother, worn down by anxiety and ill-health," can become "very low-spirited and desponding" and "imagin[ing] perhaps that her soul is lost, or that her family are coming to poverty," might "one day, in a paroxysm of despair, kill[] her children in order to save them from misery on earth, or because she is so miserable that she knows not what she does." (1)
Voskuil develops her reading through discussions of George Henry Lewes's manual for actors, On Actors and the Art of Acting (1875), and Henry Maudsley's Body and Mind (1871), both of whic h reflect in different ways on the relation between the individual self and its expression through the body.
One notes, for example, the significantly enhanced professional stature of an individual such as Henry Maudsley, the final figure of the text, when compared with John Haslam, the first, or Alexander Morison, whose career lay between the two.
Huxley, Henry Maudsley, Bronislaw Malinowski, Leo Frobenius, Theodor Waitz, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, George Cuviers, W.
While studying engines made by various firms, Nasmyth decided that Henry Maudsley's London machine shop was "the very centre and climax of all that was excellent in mechanical workmanship." He wanted to be taken on as an apprentice there, but his father did not have the money for the large premium required and Maudsley had stopped taking on pupils because they had been "coming in gloves," keeping irregular hours, and disrupting the business of the place.
In 1874, Henry Maudsley set out the new expectations for a properly scientific understanding of causation in criminal psychology: