Henry Maudsley


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Maudsley, Henry

 

Born Feb. 5, 1835, near Settle, Yorkshire; died Jan. 23 (or 24), 1918, in Bushy Heath, Hertfordshire. English psychiatrist and philosopher.

In 1857, Maudsley graduated from the University of London. He became a member of the Royal Medical Society in 1869. From 1869 to 1879 he was a professor at the University of London; he later worked in psychiatric hospitals, including the one in London that he founded. Maudsley was the founder of the evolutionary school of psychiatry; he was a follower of C. Darwin, who highly valued Maudsley’s book Physiology and Pathology of Mind (1867; Russian translation, 1871).

Maudsley laid the foundations of child psychiatry in Great Britain and made a substantial contribution to the development of legal psychiatry. In his philosophical views, Maudsley was a positivist. He upheld the theory of psychophysiological parallelism and applied the laws of biological evolution to the study of the social and historical development of man. Maudsley defended colonialism and considered wars beneficial to mankind.

WORKS

Organic to Human: Psychological and Sociological London, 1916.
In Russian translation:
Nasledstvennost’ v zdorov’e i v bolezni. St. Petersburg, 1886.
Qmmminmt’ pri dushevnykh bolezniakh, St, Petersburg, 1875.

REFERENCE

Morozov, V. M. “Evoliutsionnoe napravlenie v psikhiatrii.” Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S. S. Korsakova, 1957, vol. 57, issue 4
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She invokes a varied cast of Victorian thinkers and scientists, both in Chapter 1 and throughout the work, including Eduard von Hartmann, Henry Maudsley, George Romanes, and Robson Roose.
When Henry Maudsley founded the hospital in the early 1900s he had three principles: to try to get people better, rather than simply removing them from society; the need for research into finding new and better treatments; and training for people delivering care.
Although 19th-century psychiatrist Henry Maudsley cautioned that, "the sorrow which has no vent in tears may make the other organs weep," men have stayed largely stoic in modern times.
It sets aside the sexually repressive doctrines of the Catholic Church, to which the young Stephen Dedalus is daily exposed, in favour of tracts by William Acton, Henry Maudsley, and others which Stephen has never heard of and Joyce himself may well not have read.
Henry Maudsley, "perhaps the greatest of all the machine-tool inventors, began work at 12 as a powder-monkey in a cartridge works.
Henry Maudsley wrote in 1892 when questioning why mothers kill their children: "[a] mother, worn down by anxiety and ill-health," can become "very low-spirited and desponding" and "imagin[ing] perhaps that her soul is lost, or that her family are coming to poverty," might "one day, in a paroxysm of despair, kill[] her children in order to save them from misery on earth, or because she is so miserable that she knows not what she does.
161) Henry Maudsley, for instance, gave a lecture in 1870 where he noted that women had a variety of biological and hormonal characteristics that could contribute to female crime.
One notes, for example, the significantly enhanced professional stature of an individual such as Henry Maudsley, the final figure of the text, when compared with John Haslam, the first, or Alexander Morison, whose career lay between the two.
Huxley, Henry Maudsley, Bronislaw Malinowski, Leo Frobenius, Theodor Waitz, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, George Cuviers, W.
A generation later, the eminent Victorian psychologist Henry Maudsley took the opposite approach, arguing that this form of mental disease could not be understood within a "metaphysical view of mind" (58), but must be acknowledged to have a physical basis: "Assuredly moral insanity is disorder of mind produced by disorder of brain" (181-2).
There is an interesting contextualisation of the significance accorded to environment and will, as well as biological inheritance, in contemporary theorisations of degeneration, and a useful engagement with scientific writers such as Henry Maudsley, James Sully and Francis Galton.
Among these psychiatrists was Henry Maudsley, an important if abrasive thinker and practitioner of the later nineteenth century.