Henry Mayers Hyndman

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hyndman, Henry Mayers


Born Mar. 7, 1842, in London; died there Nov. 22, 1921. A figure in the British socialist movement; lawyer and journalist.

In the 1870’s Hyndman published articles directed against the extreme aspects of British colonial policy in India. After he became acquainted with Marx’ Das Kapital, he published the pamphlet England for All (1881) and a number of other works in which he tried to popularize Marxism but misconstrued its revolutionary essence in the process. In 1881, Hyndman founded the Democratic Federation, which became the Social Democratic Federation in 1884 and the Social Democratic Party in 1908. As a leader in these organizations Hyndman displayed opportunistic and sectarian tendencies. After the creation in 1911 of the British Socialist Party (BSP), he headed its opportunistic wing. On the eve of and during World War I (1914-18) Hyndman was an active exponent of socialist chauvinism. After the April 1916 congress of the BSP at which the socialist-chauvinist position was condemned, Hyndman left the party. He created the chauvinist National Socialist Party, which after 1918 was known as the Social Democratic Federation. Hyndman was hostile to the October Revolution and supported intervention against Soviet Russia.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 34-39. (See Index of Names.)
Lenin, V. I. “Gaindman o Markse.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol.20.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Marxist Social Democratic Federation's Justice (J) (1884-1925), another weekly penny paper, was edited by SDF leader Henry Mayers Hyndman and then Harry Quelch.
(15) Henry Mayers Hyndman, The Record of an Adventurous Life (London, 1911), p.
(21) Henry Mayers Hyndman, 'Starving Men Refuse To Wait', Justice, 18 February 1886, 2.
In the next half century two Britons played a significant part: Henry Mayers Hyndman and the poet and textile designer, William Morris.