Henry Morton Stanley


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Sir Henry Morton Stanley
John Rowlands
Birthday
BirthplaceDenbigh, Wales, United Kingdom
Died

Stanley, Henry Morton (b. John Rowlands)

(1841–1904) journalist, explorer; born in Denbigh, Wales. After an unhappy youth he came to New Orleans (1859) and received his new name from a merchant who informally adopted him. During the Civil War he served in the Confederate army and then the Union army and navy; after the war he covered Gen. W. S. Hancock's expedition against the Indians (1867) as a correspondent. He also went to the Middle East as a journalist. Sent by Bennett of the New York Herald in 1869 to find the "lost" Scottish missionary, David Livingstone, Stanley found him deep in Africa in 1871 and greeted him with the oft-quoted "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" On his return to England, Stanley's claims were not at first believed but he went back to Africa and explored extensively (1874–77) and published Through the Dark Continent (1878). He helped to organize the Congo Free State (1879–84). After several more expeditions, he went to London and, becoming a British citizen again (1892), was elected to Parliament (1895). His last years were spent in further travel and lecturing, and he died in London.

Stanley, Henry Morton

 

(real name, John Rowlands). Born Jan. 28, 1841, in Denbigh, Wales; died May 10, 1904, in London. Journalist and explorer of Africa.

Stanley left Great Britain for the USA at the age of 17. In 1871–72, as a correspondent for the New York Herald, he journeyed from the eastern coast of Africa deep into the interior in search of D. Livingstone, who was believed lost. He found Livingstone in a village near Lake Tanganyika; they both later explored the lake. Stanley led an Anglo-American expedition across Africa from east to west from 1874 to 1877. Starting from Zanzibar, he reached Lake Victoria and determined its circuit. He discovered the Ruwenzori Mountains and Lakes Edward (Idi Amin Dada) and George, explored the Kagera River, and traveled around Lake Tanganyika; he reached the Lualaba River and established its identity with the upper course of the Congo (Zaire) River; he navigated the Congo River to its mouth and mapped its middle course, which had been unknown to Europeans.

In the service of the Belgian king Leopold II from 1879 to 1884, Stanley participated in the conquest of the Congo River basin; on the way he explored several of its tributaries and discovered Lakes Leopold II (Mai-Ndombe) and Tumba. Between 1887 and 1889 he recrossed Africa at the head of a British expedition, this time from west to east, explored the Aruwimi River, and established that Lake Edward belongs to the Nile system. Waterfalls on the upper Congo are named after Stanley.

Figure 1. Staged evaporation: (a) two-stage intradrum, (b) three-stage with exhaust cyclone; (1) clear section (first evaporation stage), (2) flow of boiler water, (3) salt section (second evaporation stage), (4) cyclone (third evaporation stage)

WORKS

Through the Dark Continent .... vols. 1–2. London, 1878.
In Darkest Africa ..., vols. 1–2. London, 1890.
In Russian translation:
Kak ia otyskal Livingstona. St. Petersburg, 1874.
V debriakh Afriki, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCE

Gornung, M. B., Iu. G. Lipets, and I. N. Oleinikov. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Afriki. Moscow, 1973.

I. N. OLEINIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Henry Morton Stanley strikes the pose of the Great White Hunter in darkest Africa.
Having left home in 1857, from 1862 he uses an adopted name, Henry Stanley and Henry Morton Stanley.
Finally he settled on Henry Morton Stanley, which he claimed was the name of a rich benefactor he lived with in New Orleans.
1871 Henry Morton Stanley discovered missing explorer David Livingstone.
This account tells of Henry Morton Stanley's (1841-1904) final journey across Africa, to rescue Emin Pasha (1840-1892), governor of the southern Sudan.
Victorian explorers, including Sir Henry Morton Stanley, concluded that Lake Victoria was the source of the Nile.
While France, England, the Netherlands and other nations secured footholds in mostly coastal African lands, the Congo remained mostly off-limits to outsiders until explorer Henry Morton Stanley forged a route through the enormous central African country--three times the size of Texas.
Conrad's work is read in relation to other imperial fictions and in particular to Henry Morton Stanley's How I found Livingstone.
The 59-year-old veteran guitarist bought a 50 per cent stake in Cordings, which kitted out Sir Henry Morton Stanley for his journey to find Dr Livingstone.
David Livingston, a British missionary, in his quest to find the source of the Nile, and the brash journalist, Henry Morton Stanley, commissioned to find him.
The person asking was the explorer, adventurer, and journalist Henry Morton Stanley, born John Rowlands (1841-1904).
After centuries of slave raids, the destruction of tribal life in central Africa accelerated with the expeditions of the Victorian adventurer Henry Morton Stanley. Stanley's `discoveries' led to the appropriation of the land and agreement amongst European powers and the USA that Leopold had rights to rule over large areas of central Africa.