Henry Sidgwick


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Sidgwick, Henry

 

Born May 31, 1838, in Skipton, Yorkshire; died Aug. 29, 1900, in Cambridge. English philosopher and economist.

Educated at Rugby and at Cambridge University, Sidgwick was a teacher from 1859 and from 1883, professor of ethics at Cambridge University. He approached philosophy, ethics, and political economy from the standpoint of utilitarianism. In his principal work, The Methods of Ethics, which was published in 1874, he regarded utilitarianism as the basic method of resolving moral problems. He was not sufficiently consistent, however, and he sometimes tended toward intuitivism. Sidgwick believed that most moral judgments are mainly arrived at empirically rather than a priori. An ethical orientation is evident in his views on political economy, which he presented in the Principles of Political Economy (1883). At the same time, Sidgwick attempted to separate the ethical and political aspects of political economy, which he characterized as the sphere of “art,” from the purely economic aspects, which he characterized as the sphere of “science.” According to Sidgwick, science differs from art in that it describes what is, whereas art describes what ought to be. He declared induction the basic method of science, and deduction the preferred method for art. Sidgwick devoted a great deal of attention to the economic role of the state. In his presentation of the major categories of political economy (production, distribution, exchange, value, and capital), he closely followed J. S. Mill.

REFERENCE

Seligman, B. Osnovnye lecheniia sovremennoi ekonomicheskoi mysli. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)

I. T. LASHCHINSKII

References in classic literature ?
So far as I know there is only one ethical writer, Professor Henry Sidgwick, who has clearly recognised and stated this fact.
Without wading too far into the vast literature on pleasure, the dominant view (which I believe originates with Henry Sidgwick, (11) but has since been adopted by many others (12)) is that we refer to both experiences as pleasures, because both are states that we enjoy (for themselves) and wish to prolong.
Sense and Sensibility in Kant's Practical Agent: Against the Intellectualism of Korsgaard and Sidgwick, JULIAN WUERTH Drawing on a wide range of Kant's recorded thought beyond his Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, this essay presents an overview of Kant's account of practical agency as embodied practical agency and argues against the intellectualized interpretations of Kant's account of practical agency presented by Christine Korsgaard and Henry Sidgwick.
In the late 19th century, classical economist John Stuart Mill and economist-philosopher Henry Sidgwick "came to regard an increasing number of activities as exceptions to laissez-faire.
This group included such prominent men as the great ethical theorist Henry Sidgwick, classical scholar Frederic Myers, Irish poet W.
Like his predecessors, Frederic Myers, Henry Sidgwick, William James, and J.
2) Moral foundationalism is historically important because it was perhaps the dominant view in early twentieth-century moral philosophy where its defenders included Henry Sidgwick, The Methods of Ethics (London: MacMillan, 1907); G.
Rather, economy of force can be seen as a real-life application of utilitarian ethics as defined by the nineteenth-century philosopher Henry Sidgwick, who described the modern principle of proportionality as fighting "with as little mischief as is likely to be effective.
As stated by nineteenth-century philosopher Henry Sidgwick, the standard approach to ethics requires that one adopt "the point of view of the universe," (3) the requirement of viewing the world as a god-like "benevolent spectator"--counting oneself and each member of one's family as one but no more than one.
Henry Sidgwick, eye of the universe; an intellectual biography.
In the year of Darwin's death (1882) a group of eminent scholars from the humanities and the sciences--including Henry Sidgwick, then professor of philosophy at Cambridge University--founded the Society for Psychical Research, with the stated purpose of investigating so-called 'paranormal' phenomena in a scientific manner.
This is no less true today than it was in 1869, when Henry Sidgwick wrote, "His point of view and habit of mind are less singular in England in the year 1869 than they were in 1859, and much less than they were in 1849.