Henry Sidgwick


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Sidgwick, Henry

 

Born May 31, 1838, in Skipton, Yorkshire; died Aug. 29, 1900, in Cambridge. English philosopher and economist.

Educated at Rugby and at Cambridge University, Sidgwick was a teacher from 1859 and from 1883, professor of ethics at Cambridge University. He approached philosophy, ethics, and political economy from the standpoint of utilitarianism. In his principal work, The Methods of Ethics, which was published in 1874, he regarded utilitarianism as the basic method of resolving moral problems. He was not sufficiently consistent, however, and he sometimes tended toward intuitivism. Sidgwick believed that most moral judgments are mainly arrived at empirically rather than a priori. An ethical orientation is evident in his views on political economy, which he presented in the Principles of Political Economy (1883). At the same time, Sidgwick attempted to separate the ethical and political aspects of political economy, which he characterized as the sphere of “art,” from the purely economic aspects, which he characterized as the sphere of “science.” According to Sidgwick, science differs from art in that it describes what is, whereas art describes what ought to be. He declared induction the basic method of science, and deduction the preferred method for art. Sidgwick devoted a great deal of attention to the economic role of the state. In his presentation of the major categories of political economy (production, distribution, exchange, value, and capital), he closely followed J. S. Mill.

REFERENCE

Seligman, B. Osnovnye lecheniia sovremennoi ekonomicheskoi mysli. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)

I. T. LASHCHINSKII

References in classic literature ?
So far as I know there is only one ethical writer, Professor Henry Sidgwick, who has clearly recognised and stated this fact.
A este respecto los teoricos de la justicia que mas le habrian influido, desde Platon y Aristoteles hasta Rousseau, pasando por Tomas de Aquino, Hobbes, Locke, Leibniz, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Stuart Mill, Jon Dewey, Henry Sidgwick o Wittgenstein.
This formulation of the principle is due to Henry Sidgwick, The Methods of Ethics.
Green, Henry Sidgwick, Herbert Spencer, John Robert Seeley, J.
This approach is defended by Henry Sidgwick in his influential The Methods of Ethics and presented as a development of a basically Socratic idea of philosophical method.
Without wading too far into the vast literature on pleasure, the dominant view (which I believe originates with Henry Sidgwick, (11) but has since been adopted by many others (12)) is that we refer to both experiences as pleasures, because both are states that we enjoy (for themselves) and wish to prolong.
Odd, some would say, because like the prominent, nineteenth century philosopher Henry Sidgwick (who sought scientific proof of an afterlife), most people today still believe that one cannot be moral without theism being true.
This group included such prominent men as the great ethical theorist Henry Sidgwick, classical scholar Frederic Myers, Irish poet W.
Like his predecessors, Frederic Myers, Henry Sidgwick, William James, and J.
Upon being told by a German that there was "no word in English equivalent to 'gelehrt' (cultivated)," utilitarian philosopher Henry Sidgwick replied, "Oh yes there is, we call it a prig.
Henry Sidgwick, eye of the universe; an intellectual biography.
David Hume, Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick, together with a series of lesser-known names, form a distinguished line of British philosopher-economists spanning much of the 18th and 19th centuries.