Henry Sweet


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Sweet, Henry

 

Born Sept. 15,1845, in London; died Apr. 30, 1912, in Oxford. British linguist; founder of the British school of phoneticians. Member of the London Philological Society (1869–85).

Sweet studied at the University of Heidelberg in 1864 and, beginning in 1869, at Oxford University. In 1901 he became a lecturer of phonetics at Oxford. He made a major contribution to the elaboration of a theory of phonology and also worked on the typology of the phonological systems of the world’s languages. His principal works dealt with phonetics, English and German philology, and Old English dialectology.

WORKS

A History of English Sounds From the Earliest Period, 2nd ed. Oxford, 1888.
A Handbook of Phonetics. Oxford, 1877.
A Short Historical English Grammar. Oxford, 1892.
Collected Papers. Oxford, 1913.

REFERENCES

Wrenn, C. L. “Henry Sweet.” In Portraits of Linguists, vol. 1. Bloomington, Ind.–London [1966].
Jakobson, R. Selected Writings, vol. 2. The Hague-Paris, 1971.
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In response to a request from some members a year ago, early this summer our vice-president Bruce Michelson is arranging a two-day program at Hannibal in cooperation with Henry Sweets, the head of the Mark Twain Center there.
Henry Sweets, the curator of the Hannibal Museum, is cooperating fully with us.