Henry Sweet

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sweet, Henry


Born Sept. 15,1845, in London; died Apr. 30, 1912, in Oxford. British linguist; founder of the British school of phoneticians. Member of the London Philological Society (1869–85).

Sweet studied at the University of Heidelberg in 1864 and, beginning in 1869, at Oxford University. In 1901 he became a lecturer of phonetics at Oxford. He made a major contribution to the elaboration of a theory of phonology and also worked on the typology of the phonological systems of the world’s languages. His principal works dealt with phonetics, English and German philology, and Old English dialectology.


A History of English Sounds From the Earliest Period, 2nd ed. Oxford, 1888.
A Handbook of Phonetics. Oxford, 1877.
A Short Historical English Grammar. Oxford, 1892.
Collected Papers. Oxford, 1913.


Wrenn, C. L. “Henry Sweet.” In Portraits of Linguists, vol. 1. Bloomington, Ind.–London [1966].
Jakobson, R. Selected Writings, vol. 2. The Hague-Paris, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The state decided to try the defendants over, one at a time, beginning with Henry Sweet, the younger brother of Ossian Sweet.
9 Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Reader, 15th edn (Oxford, 1967), 198, 200, 201; Henry Sweet, A Second Anglo-Saxon Reader, 2nd edn (Oxford, 1978), 212.
In addition to the academic portion of the conference, Henry Sweets and the staff of the Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum put together a remarkable set of activities: visits to the Boyhood Home, the Museum, the Birthplace Museum near Florida, the archeological reconstruction of the Quarles Family Farm site, the Mark Twain Cave, and a dinner riverboat cruise on the Mississippi.
The Mark Twain Boyhood House & Museum (MTBH&M) has just announced that it has named Henry Sweets as Executive Director.
Curator Henry Sweets, Executive Director Cindy Lovell, and the rest of the Boyhood Home staff did a stellar job in organizing this quadrennial conference.