Henri Vieuxtemps

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Vieuxtemps, Henri

 

Born Feb. 17, 1820, in Verviers; died June 6, 1881, in Mustapha, Algeria. Belgian violinist, composer, and teacher.

Vieuxtemps was a student of C. Bériot. In the early 1830’s he gave concerts in many countries, and he first performed in St. Petersburg in 1838. During 1845-52 he was court soloist, concert violinist, and teacher in St. Petersburg. Vieuxtemps composed his best violin works in Russia, including the Fourth Concerto with orchestra, the Fantasia on themes from A. N. Verstovskii’s Askold’s Tomb, and pieces on Rus-sian opera and folk themes. During 1871-73 he was a professor at the Brussels Conservatory, where E. Ysaye was his student.

Vieuxtemps was one of the major violinists of the romantic school. A brilliant virtuosity and decorative and beautiful writing characterize his compositions. The seven concertos for violin and orchestra are his most important works, for they influenced the development of that genre.

REFERENCES

Serov, A. N. Kriticheskie stat’i, vols. 1-3, St. Petersburg, 1892-95.
Tchaikovsky, P. I. Muzykal’nye fel’etony i zametki. Moscow, 1898.
Radoux, J. Th. Henri Vieuxtemps. Liege, 1891.
Bergmans, P. Henri Vieuxtemps. Turnhout, 1920.
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Barbara Bong presented the Henry Vieuxtemps (1820-1881) collection of the Belgian virtuoso violinist, composer, and pedagogue on whom she is preparing her Ph.D.
Important schools of violin-playing (Henry Vieuxtemps, Eugene Ysaye) and composition (Cesar Franck) developed there during the nineteenth century.
The acquisition in 2011-2012 of about thirty manuscripts of the Belgian violinist and composer Henry Vieuxtemps (1820-1881) gives the public access to material that has not been available earlier.
Thanks to the King Baudouin Foundation, in September 2012, the Royal Library (www.kbr .be) acquired the manuscript of an unknown opera by Henry Vieuxtemps (1820-1881), La fiancee de Messine.
In June 2011, the King Baudouin Fondation bought for the Royal Library (www.kbr.be), an exceptional set of music manuscripts by the Belgian composer and violinist Henry Vieuxtemps (1820-1881).