Wilson, Henry

(redirected from Henry Wilson)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Wilson, Henry,

1812–75, American politician, Vice President of the United States (1873–75), b. Farmington, N.H. At 21 he legally changed his name from Jeremiah Jones Colbath, and as Henry Wilson he apprenticed himself to a cobbler at Natick, Mass. Wilson became successful as a shoe manufacturer and as a Whig politician, serving as a state legislator for most of the years from 1841 to 1852. His strong abolitionist convictions led him to leave the Whigs in 1848, when he helped organize the Free Soil party. Elected (1855) to the U.S. Senate by the Know-Nothing legislature, Wilson finally joined (1856) the Republican party because of its clear opposition to slavery. He was a leading radical Republican for the rest of his career. During the Civil War he was chairman of the Senate committee on military affairs. The "Natick cobbler," as he was called, was elected Vice President on the ticket headed by Ulysses S. Grant in 1872, but he died before completing his term. Wilson wrote the History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America (3 vol., 1872–77), the first major history of the coming of the Civil War.


See biographies by E. McKay (1971) and R. H. Abbott (1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Wilson, Henry (b. Jeremiah Jones Colbath)

(1812–75) vice-president, abolitionist; born in Farmington, N.H. A poor farm laborer with little formal schooling, at age 21 he renamed himself and went off to Massachusetts where he soon had a successful shoe factory. After a trip to Virginia exposed him to slavery (1836), he devoted the rest of his life to abolishing it, frequently changing political affiliations until he found a party, the new Republican Party, opposed to slavery. He represented Massachusetts in the Senate (1855–73), when he became Ulysses S. Grant's second-term vice-president; but after two strokes he died in office.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
And Henry Wilson, three - waiting for stitches to a gash on his head - overcame his fear of dogs as Felicity distracted him to ease his anxiety.
Henry Wilson of the Peach County Emergency Management Agency near Macon in central Georgia said a barn had been destroyed and trees and power poles had been snapped, leaving many in the area without power.
Now, the Australian skin-care brand Aesop has released its first design object a handsome, asymmetrical brass oil burner, created by long-time collaborator Henry Wilson. He uses the piece, made from a lost wax casting process, in his studio--a ritual he sees as an act of mental neutralization.
City Year currently serves in eight elementary schools in the Manchester School District, including: Bakersville, Beech Street, Gossler Park, Hallsville, Henry Wilson, McDonough, Northwest and Parker-Varney Elementary Schools
The species - which can grow up to 45m and to more than 1000 years old - was first planted in 1907, having been sent from the Hubei province in Central China, by plant collector Ernest Henry Wilson.
The species - which can grow up to 45m and to more than 1000 years old - was first planted in the Europe in 1907, having been sent from the Hubei province in Central China, by plant collector Ernest Henry Wilson.
That winter, Henry Wilson, a native of the Caribbean island of Barbados, was staying at a lodging house in Great George Square.
Arddull Celfyddyd a Chreft drwyddi draw a gweledigaeth y pensaer Henry Wilson (1864-1934).
Colin Henry Wilson (1931--2013) was an English writer, philosopher and novelist.
There are only two players present in smokeless tobacco in the Nigerian market: Joseph & Henry Wilson and West African Tobacco Co.