Henry de Montherlant

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Montherlant, Henry de


Born Apr. 21, 1896, in Paris; died there Sept. 21, 1972. French writer. Member of the Academic Française (1960).

Montherlant studied at the Sainte-Croix Institute in Neuilly. His early works were influenced by M. Barres. Montherlant’s novels The Matador (1926) and The Bachelors (1934; Russian translation, 1936), which reflect his enthusiasm for sports, and especially his tetralogy The Girls (1936), Pity for Women (1936), Costals and the Hippogriff (I937), and The Lepers (1939) show him to be, like F. Nietzsche, an adherent of extreme egocentricity and intransigence toward human weaknesses.

During the fascist occupation of France, Montherlant came to justify Hitlerite policy and the French collaboration as in The June Solstice (1941). In his dramas The Dead Queen (1942), No Man’s Son(\943), Ma la testa (1946), and Le Cardinal d’Espagne (1960), he expressed his support of a strong political authority, for which the masses are only passive and inert material.


Romans et oeuvres de fiction. Paris, 1959.
Théatre. Paris, 1954.
Essais. [Paris, 1963.]
Un Assassin est mon mattre. [Paris, 1971.]


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Perruchot, H. Montherlant [4th ed. Paris, 1959.]
Blanc, A. Montherlant [Paris, 1968.] (Contains bibliography.)
“H. de Montherlant. “Nouvelle revue franca ise, February 1973, no. 242, pp. 1–126. (Issue devoted to Montherlant.) [Obituary.] L’Humanite, Sept. 23, 1972.
Les Critiques de notre temps et Montherlant. Paris [1973].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter 4, which treats Death in the Afternoon and The Dangerous Summer, proceeds from biography, carefully laying out, through a variety of shared experiences, the parallels between Hemingway and Henry de Montherlant (whom Henri Peyre deemed, incidentally, "a very great writer, a very bad man").
Segrave: 'Chevalerie du neant' ("The knighthood of nothingness"): Henry de Montherlant and the Olympic Games Movement * Lisa Reithmann: Coubertin's Idea of 'Mutual Respect' According to Kant's Concept of Moral Philosoph * Magdalena Mankowska: Rethinking Coubertin's Vision of Olympism: Toward the Revival of Art in Sport as a Modern Principle of Physical Education
The design of the study, albeit a bit too schematic in its structure, challenges us to compare how the writers Henry de Montherlant, Alphonse de Chateaubriant, and Jean Giono lent their aesthetic powers to the Nazi cause in the first part of the twentieth century with how the intellectuals Alain Finkielkraut, Regis Debray, and Stephane Courtois supported revisionist thought and totalitarian regimes in the Balkans in the latter part of the century.
It is difficult to untangle the puzzle of Henry de Montherlant. He has borne conflicting political and personal labels over the years, from rake to misogynist, from radically patriotic veteran to despicable traitor.
The first half of the study comprises an analysis of the work and careers of Henry de Montherlant, Alphonse de Chateaubriant, and Jean Giono, who all collaborated under Vichy in one way or another but who have figured little in studies of French literary and cultural Fascism, in an attempt to understand their complicity with the Vichy regime.
HENRY DE MONTHERLANT kept notebooks from his earliest years until the day before his suicide.
Among the writers celebrated most frequently in the pages of La Gerbe are Charles Peguy, Jean Giono, Henry de Montherlant, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, Louis-Ferdinand Ce1ine, Jean Anouilh, and Marcel Ayme.