He was first to convince the queen to stop helping fund Henry of Navarre
in his defence of the Huguenot cause, and second to persuade Elizabeth to spare the life of Henry's sister-in-law, Mary Stuart, who stood convicted by the English courts and condemned to death by Elizabeth for her part in the Babbington plot.
Philip II was using a code that the French mathematician Francois Viete (1540-1603; in Latin Franciscus Vieta), working for Henry of Navarre
, was able to decode in 1589.
Henry III's only hope of regaining control of the capital was to join forces with his appointed heir, the Huguenot leader, Henry of Navarre
44) Furthermore, James continued his friendship with Henry of Navarre
and delighted in the company of his favorite poet, the very Protestant Du Bartas.
S: A Full-Length Portrait (1942), Conan Doyle: His Life and Art (1943), The Life of Oscar Wilde (1946), The Man Whistler (1952), and Henry of Navarre
The high point of this civic policy came during the tumultuous events of 1588-1589 - with the assassinations of the Guises and Henry III and the accession of the Protestant Henry of Navarre
- when the town, virtually alone in its region, openly declared for the crown.
At the chateau of Pau, where Henry of Navarre was born in 1553, hangs Ambroise Dubois' painting of the ageing king in the guise of Mars, near the enormous turtle shell that reputedly cradled him as an infant.
This article sketches the legend's vicissitudes, and concentrates upon three celebrated historians who, each in his own time, tried to relate the real Henry of Navarre to his mythic aura.
Hence Henry of Navarre could appear an exemplary figure of a king of proto-Enlightenment.
One significant encounter during these years was with Philippe de Mornay du Plessis, Languet's elder spiritual son, who had just married the personable young widow Charlotte Arbaleste and was in the process of transferring his service from the Duke of Bouillon to King Henry of Navarre.
Du Plessis, the chief religious and political strategy adviser to Henry of Navarre, was meditating at this time his major work, De la verite de la religion chrestienne, which eventually appeared in French and Latin versions in 1581 (and which was to be Sidney's major preoccupation as a writer until his departure for the Netherlands).
In her introduction and first and second chapters Raitt analyzes international politics and the role of Henry of Navarre
and his German policy in convening the Colloquy.