Hepialidae


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Hepialidae

[‚hep·ē′al·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of lepidopteran insects in the superfamily Hepialoidea.

Hepialidae

 

one of the most primitive families of moths. The wingspan is usually 2–15 cm; however, in the female puriri moth (Hepialus virescens) of New Zealand it may reach 24 cm. The Hepialidae characteristically have identical venation of the anterior and posterior wings. The female produces as many as 30,000 eggs. The caterpillars usually live in soil and sometimes in the stems of herbaceous plants or in the trunks and roots of trees.

There are approximately 400 species, distributed on all continents and especially numerous in the tropics. There are endemic genera of Hepialidae in Central Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea. The USSR has approximately 20 species, the most common being Hepialus humuli, which sometimes damages hops and vegetable crops. Large species of the genus Phassus are found in the Caucasus and in the southern Primor’e; some of these may damage grapevines.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ophiocordyceps sinensis (once called Cordyceps sinensis), a fungus-caterpillar complex formed after the fungus infects the larva of the moth that belongs to Hepialidae, is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine and has been used for centuries in China and Asian countries.
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is a fungus-caterpillar complex formed after the fungus infects the larva of the moth that belongs to Hepialidae. The black part of the complex is the fungal part that is called the fruiting body and consists of stromatophore and stroma; the yellowish-brown part is the dead larva body that is filled with mycelia, called the sclerotium.
Ghost moth caterpillars of Hepialus californicus (Lepidoptera, Hepialidae) feed upon lupine roots, are univoltine and largely monophagous at the study site at the Bodega Marine Reserve, Sonoma County, California.
Identification of Heterorhabditis (Nemata: Heterorhabditidae) from California with a new species isolated from the larvae of the ghost moth Hepialus californicus (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae) from the Bodega Marine Reserve.
Density-dependent virus mortality in populations of Wiseann (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae).
Relative Stage frequency found Order/Family Species (a) (b) Lepidoptera Hepialidae Phassus excrescens Butler C L Pyralidae Diaphania nigropunctalis C L,A (Bremer) Cnaphalocrocis medinalis R L (Guenee) Parapoynx diminutalis R A Snellen Parapoynx vittalis R A (Bremer) Ostrinia furnacalis R A (Guenee) Diaphania indica R A (Saunders) Pycnarmon cribrata R A (Fabricius) Hymenia recurvalis R A (Fabricius) Maruca testulais Geyer R A Palpita inustata R A (Butler) Endotricha theonalis R A (Walker) Diaphania perspectalis R A (Walker) Tryporyza incetulas R A (Walker) Heliodinidae Atrijuglans hitauhei Yang R A Scythridae Scythris sinensis Felder R A et Rogenhofer Brahmaeidae Brahmaea ledereri O L,A Rogenhofer Sphingidae Psilogramma menephron O L (Cramer) Gelechiidae Telphusa sp.