One is believed to be an abbreviation of Heracleopolis
from a visiting Roman/ Egyptian or Turkish trading colony but more popular is Heort-ieg, old English for Hart Island.
In 2100 B.C., the cities of Crete island were connected to a centralized system of waste collection sewers, including wastewaters, and in the Egyptian city of Heracleopolis
, wastes were collected only in the areas inhabited by the society elite, being discharged into the Nile.
This piece was accidently found while digging through the rubbish heap in the temple of Heracleopolis
, south of Fayoum."
Previously, it was thought to be a letter addressed to Sotas, a presbyter of Heracleopolis
, but Luijendijk contends that it is a letter from the presbyters of Heracleopolis
to Sotas, the bishop of Oxyrhynchus (the term for presbyter is abbreviated and so neither its case nor number can be known).
I 5 and first century papyri from Heracleopolis
as highlighting the inability of Greeks to gain access to permanent land as a source of frustration as well as the inability of the government to resolve this problem, which is evidence of weakness on the part of the monarchy.
The presence of Hathor of Heracleopolis
among the seven Hathors in the possible coronation procession is also noted.