Heracleum


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heracleum

 

a genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. They are large biennial or perennial herbs with large pinnate, sometimes simple, leaves. The flowers are in compound umbels, with white or yellow green petals. The fruits are slightly compressed from the back and range from ovate to almost round. There are more than 70 species, mainly in the temperate regions of the eastern hemisphere: there is only one species in North America.

In the USSR there are approximately 40 species, and the majority of them are found in the Caucasus, mainly in the subalpine mountain belt. In the European part of the USSR, in Kazakhstan, and in western Siberia, the Siberian cow-parsnip (Heracleum sibiricum) is widely distributed. The leaves, stems, and young shoots of many species of Heracleum are edible raw, salted, or marinated; they are used as seasoning for soups. The leaves and fruits of Heracleum are rich in volatile oils; touching the plant of some species can result in skin irritation or burn. The species H. pubescens and H. mantegazzianum, among others, are decorative. The most important species is H. sosnowskyi, a cultivated high-yield fodder (mainly silo) plant. The young plants of hogweed (H. sphondylium) are useful as cattle fodder.

REFERENCE

Mandenova, I. P. Kavkazskie vidy roda Heracleum. Tbilisi, 1950.

T. B. VERNANDER

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of compounds 3, 5, 6, and 7 from the genus Heracleum, while others were reported from different Heracleum species before, i.e., isoquercetin (1) from H.
As the family cleared the land to begin construction of a summer cabin, a chance encounter between her son and some giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) resulted in angry, blistered skin.
Credit must be given to underwater archaeologists such as Jean-Yves Empereur who have recovered and are still recovering remarkable objects off Alexandria's shore and in areas up to 12 miles further east (possibly the site of ancient Heracleum) which are now housed in the new National Museum of Alexandria.
Screening for polyacetylenes in some Umbellifereae plants, and isolation of panaxynol and falcarindiol from the root of Heracleum moellendorffii.
balls for this game were often made of the growing heads of the cow parsnip (Heracleum lanatum) before the flowers came out." [1] Unlike shinny sticks or double balls, the equipment for this game was considered temporary and though the game was made durable enough to be functional for competitive players, ornamentation was seldom applied to any of the parts.
Ergene et al in 2006 worked on Ethanol and aqueous extract of Heracleum sphondylium subsp.
Heracleum sphondylium ydi ei enw gwyddonol a 'hogweed' yn Saesneg.
Invasion of Heracleum mantegazzianum in different habitats in the Czech Republic.
Other plants, such as giant hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum and garden rue Ruta graveolens, cause a phototoxic reaction.
Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazziannum).
In the only other similar study (Burki & Nentwig 1997), comparing the herbivore fauna between populations of the native Heracleum sphonylium L.