Heraclius


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Related to Heraclius: Leo III, Constans II

Heraclius

(hĕrəklī`əs, hĭrăk`lēəs), c.575–641, Byzantine emperor (610–41). The son of a governor of Africa, he succeeded the tyrant Phocas, whom he deposed and had executed. In the early years of his reign Avars and Bulgars threatened, attacking even Constantinople, and the Persians conquered Syria, Palestine, and Egypt. In three costly campaigns (622–28) Heraclius recovered the provinces from the Persians, but they fell (629–42) to the Muslim Arabs. He sought to reconcile the Monophysites with the Orthodox Church; this attempt led to the compromise of MonotheletismMonotheletism
or Monothelitism
[Gr.,=one will], 7th-century opinion condemned as heretical by the Third Council of Constantinople in 680 (see Constantinople, Third Council of).
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, which was rejected by both sides. Heraclius began the reorganization of the empire into military provinces (themes). He was succeeded briefly by his son Constantine III and then by his grandson Constans IIConstans II
(Constans Pogonatus), 630–68, Byzantine emperor (641–68), son and successor of Constantine III and grandson of Heraclius. Early in his reign Armenia and Asia Minor were invaded by the Muslims, who challenged Byzantine supremacy at sea, took Cyprus, and
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.

Heraclius

 

Born 575 in Cappadocia; died Feb. 11, 641, in Constantinople. Byzantine emperor from 610.

Heraclius seized power during a period of profound internal and external political crisis in the Byzantine Empire. He temporarily succeeded in strengthening the empire’s position: in 626 an invasion of Constantinople by the Avars and Slavs was repulsed; in 627–28 the Persians were defeated, and the lands they had conquered in Asia and Egypt were returned. In the succeeding years of Heraclius’ rule, however, these eastern provinces were conquered by the Arabs. Many Byzantine scholars connect major military and administrative reforms with Heraclius’ name, including the creation of the theme system.

Heraclius

?575--641 ad, Byzantine emperor, who restored the Holy Cross to Jerusalem (629)
References in periodicals archive ?
The fall of Rome is based on the myth of the Emperor Heraclius and a letter that he would have written to Muhammad, recognizing him as "the messenger of God,"
Antoine Soare, << Antiochus, Heraclius, Britannicus >>, dans Pierre Ronzeaud, Racine/Britannicus, Paris, Klincksieck, 1995, p.
83) Imam Bukhari (84) reported the text of the letter that was sent to Byzantine Emperor Heraclius.
Hashim, the grand grandfather of the holy prophet of Islam, was one of the man of means in Mecca who had relations to Heraclius the Emperor of Rome and Negus the Emperor of Abyssinia.
The Greek gentiles then lost it due to the schism between the Churches and the great devastations which they suffered since the latter reign of Heraclius, when their empire had been all but conquered by the Muslim Ummayyads.
The event portrayed on the south wall of Moldovita, although anachronistically showing Turkish attire, is not concerned with the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, but with the ineffective siege laid by a combined army of Avars, Slavs and Sassanid Persians in 626 in the days of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius.
Jerusalem, Egypt, parts of Libya, and Cyprus, as well as it challenged the Byzantine Empire and its possessions along the Mediterranean, particularly the Arab army of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610-641).
7) It also appears in Muhammad's invitation letter to the Byzantine emperor Flavius Heraclius (ruled 610-41), warning him to heed the call of Islam or to bear the consequences of his rejection,s The late Sheikh Abdul Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz, former grand mufti of Saudi Arabia and head of the Council of Senior Scholars, stated in his Words of Advice Regarding Da'wah that the obligation of da'wah is both a collective duty (fard kifaayah) of the Muslim community and a personal duty (fard 'ain) of each individual Muslim.
22) This term derives from an event in 626, when Constantinople, "after several months siege on land and sea by Persian and Avar invaders, was inexplicably freed, the siege abandoned, even though the Emperor Heraclius and the main force of the Byzantine army were away on a campaign in the East.
The decoration is organized into two main sections: on the left side, the Invention of the Cross by Helena and, on the right side, the Exaltation of the Cross by Heraclius.
After narrating the discriminations carried on by Heraclius against his 'coreligionists', Michael the Elder remarks:
11, lower right) has a good analogy found in burial chamber 5 in Samos together with three coins struck for Emperor Heraclius in 611/2, 612/3, and 613/4 (Martini & Steckner 1993, 127 f.