Iráklion

(redirected from Herakleion)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Herakleion: Heraklion

Iráklion

(ērä`klēôn) or

Candia

(kăn`dēə), city (1991 pop. 116,178), capital of Crete governorate and Iráklion prefecture, N Crete, Greece, a port on the Sea of Crete. It is the largest city on Crete and ships wine, olive oil, raisins, and almonds. Tourism is especially important to the city. Iráklion was founded (9th cent.) by the Muslim Saracens. In 961 it was conquered by the Byzantine emperor Nicephorus II, and in the 13th cent. it became a Venetian colony. The Venetians, who named the city Candia, fortified it and improved its port. In 1669 it was captured by the Ottoman Turks after a two-year siege. It was the capital of Crete until 1841, and in 1913 it passed to Greece. Iráklion has a museum of Minoan antiquities that were excavated at the site of ancient KnossosKnossos
or Cnossus
, ancient city of Crete, on the north coast, near modern Iráklion. The site was occupied long before 3000 B.C., and it was the center of an important Bronze Age culture.
..... Click the link for more information.
, just outside the city. Among Iráklion's historic monuments are a cathedral, several mosques, and remains of Venetian walls and fortifications.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The study population consisted of 179 MS patients who visited one of the participating EOPYY pharmacies, either in Athens (51%, n = 91) or in other 5 major Greek cities (49%, n = 88, ie, Herakleion, n = 25; Ioannina, n = 23; Lamia, n = 18; Thessaloniki, n = 13; Alexandroupoli, n = 9) during the study period.
El final del asentamiento primitivo se ha puesto con frecuencia en relacion con ciertos acon tecimientos historicos como la destruccion de Tartessos, el asalto al Herakleion gaditano por parte del rey Theron (Macrobio, Sat.
Location: Herakleion (Iraklio), with excursions to Rethymnon and Knossos.
The International Conference on Greek Gastronomy & Partenariat of the Food - Wine - Beverages Industry took place on June 8 and 9, 2007, in Herakleion Crete, and on June 10, 2007, in Santorini.
The pair contain only five variations in 14 columns of text, which list the details of taxes and tithes to be levied on the people of Herakleion.
2000: A Greek city totally preserved and complete with houses, shrines and statues, was discovered beneath the sea in Herakleion, Greece.
This documentary details a fascinating attempt to prove what happened to Alexandria, Menouthis and Herakleion,giving the viewer amazing insights into the empires of the Greeks,Romans and Egyptians.
NEAR the bottom of the southern Mediterranean lie the ruins of Alexandria, Menouthis and Herakleion.
A study in Nature says the inundated cities of Canopus and Herakleion were built on the Nile river delta on soft ground easily washed away.
He'd found the fabled Egyptian coastal city of Herakleion, which sunk more than 1,300 years ago.
Herakleion and Menouthis, known from Classical Greek writings, were covered by the waters over 1,000 years ago.
At the same time, a ghost city untouched for 2,000 years has been discovered 30 feet under the waters of the Mediterranean about three and a half miles off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt, and is thought to be either Herakleion or Thonis, a once-famous fishing port.