Herbert Brownell


Also found in: Legal.

Brownell, Herbert, Jr.

(brounĕl`), 1904–96, U.S. attorney general (1953–57), b. Peru, Nebr. A lawyer in private practice in New York City (1927–53, 1957–89), he became active in the Republican party and served (1933–37) in the state legislature. He managed Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
..... Click the link for more information.
's successful campaign for the New York governorship (1942) as well as Dewey's unsuccessful presidential bids (1944, 1948). From 1944 to 1946 he chaired the Republican National Committee. A key supporter of Dwight D. EisenhowerEisenhower, Dwight David
, 1890–1969, American general and 34th President of the United States, b. Denison, Tex.; his nickname was "Ike." Early Career

When he was two years old, his family moved to Abilene, Kans., where he was reared.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the 1952 presidential campaign, Bownell was named attorney general and functioned as a close adviser to the president. Brownell was central in the nomination of Earl WarrenWarren, Earl,
1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, as well as in the appointment of federal judges who advanced racial integrationintegration,
in U.S. history, the goal of an organized movement to break down the barriers of discrimination and segregation separating African Americans from the rest of American society.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the South. Although his anticommunism pleased some conservatives, Southerners in Congress were angered by his support for African-American civil rights, and in 1957 he resigned, returning to his New York practice.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Schlesinger, Jr., complaining 18 months into the New Frontier, the Kennedy crew "behaved exactly as the Eisenhower administration would have behaved." To his credit, Hitchcock restores Attorney General Herbert Brownell to his rightful place as one of the most effective presidential advisers in history.
Carroll Reece and Attorney General Herbert Brownell, both of whom served as chairmen of the Republican National Committee, receive careful attention throughout.
(31) They were commanded to do so by President Dwight Eisenhower on the advice of his Attorney General, Herbert Brownell. (32) From what we know, (33) it is at least possible that the President had himself been tempted to echo the utterance long attributed to President Andrew Jackson and say that "Chief Justice Warren has issued his order, now let him enforce it." (34) If he was so tempted, we owe a salute to Herbert Brownell for his intervention to save the day.
Eisenhower's attorney general, Herbert Brownell, would eventually accuse Truman of knowingly appointing a communist spy, Harry Dexter White, to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Their appointments were, in large measure, the handiwork of Herbert Brownell, Jr., attorney general between 1953 and 1957 and Eisenhower's "cornerstone appointment" in the area of civil rights (p.
Nevertheless, the author has produced a lively tale while reintroducing such significant figures as Herbert Brownell, a member of the Dewey faction who served as attorney general in the Eisenhower administration.
Newton gives cautious credit to Ike for his civil rights record, asserting that by supporting Attorney General Herbert Brownell, the president was practicing a calibrated strategy for easing racial tensions in the fullness of time.
Frank offers little detail on the meeting that finalized the selection; other accounts (notably that of historian Stephen Ambrose) suggest that it was orchestrated by party insiders Henry Cabot Lodge, Herbert Brownell, and Thomas Dewey.
Stadlen Herbert Brownell Robert Stanton Sherman Adams Kevin O'Rourke With John Ottavino, Mark Shanahan, Joel Marsh Garland, Kelly Coffield Park.