Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre

(əlēshäN`drə ərko͞olä`no͝o thĭ kərvä`lyo͝o ĕ ərou`zho͝o), 1810–77, Portuguese historian. One of the outstanding thinkers of his time, he is considered the first modern Portuguese historian. His great four-volume history of Portugal (1846–53) is notable for its treatment of feudal institutions and of social conditions. He is also known for his history of the Inquisition in Portugal (tr. 1926, repr. 1972).

Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre


Born Mar. 28, 1810, in Lisbon; died Sept. 13, 1877, in Vale de Lobos. Portuguese writer, historian, and political figure.

Herculano held liberal views; he took part in the Miguelist Wars on the side of the enemies of absolutism. His historical works include History of Portugal (vols. 1–4, 1846–53), which covers the period to the end of the 13th century, and History of the Origin and Establishment of the Inquisition in Portugal (vols. 1–3, 1854–59).

Herculano created the Portuguese historical novel and short story. In the novels The Fool (1843), Eurico the Priest (1844), and The Cistercian Monk (1848) and in the collection Legends and Stories (1841), Herculano portrayed the social and political life of Portugal and the daily life and customs of the Middle Ages.


Opusculos, vols. 1–10. Lisbon, 1873–1908
In Russian translation:
Sanlarenskii al’kaid: Rasskazy. [Foreword by E. Golubeva.] Leningrad, 1974.


Nemésio, V. A mocidade de Herculano, vols. 1–2. Lisbon, 1934.
Barradas de Carvalho, J. As ideias políticas e socials de A. Herculano. Lisbon, 1949.