Hereford cattle

Hereford cattle

(hûr`fərd), breed of beef cattle originated in Herefordshire, England, and thought to be descended from the primitive cattle of the country. They are medium-to-large, deep-bodied, thick-fleshed animals with white faces and white markings. Probably first brought to the United States in 1817 by Henry Clay, they are now the predominating breed on the Western ranges. A polled (hornless) Hereford strain developed in the United States by selective breeding is now very popular. Herefords are also widely raised in Australia and South America.

Hereford Cattle

 

a meat-producing breed of cattle, bred in the 18th century in England, in the county of Herefordshire, by screening and selection of local cattle. The animals are of typical meat-producing build. The body is barrel-shaped, squat, wide, and deep, with a prominent dewlap. The color is dark red; the head, withers, dewlap, belly, lower parts of the extremities, and tail brush are white. Average measurements of cows (in cm): height at withers, 125; chest depth, 72; chest circumference, 197; diagonal length of the body, 153; shank circumference, 20. Weight of bulls is 850-1,000 kg; of cows, 550-650 kg. The cattle feed and fatten well and produce high-quality “marbled” meat. The slaughter yield is 58-62 percent, maximum, 70 percent.

Herefords are hardy; they adapt well to various natural conditions and to prolonged pasturing; they tolerate long journeys well. The breed is widespread in England, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries. They were brought into the USSR in 1928. They are used for commercial crossbreeding with dairy and dairy-meat breeds. The Kazakh white-headed breed of cattle was developed by crossbreeding Herefords with Kazakh and Kalmyk cattle. Hereford cattle are widespread in the Orenburg, Cheliabinsk, Rostov, and Saratov oblasts, the Altai and Krasnodar krais of the RSFSR, the Kazakh SSR, and other regions.

REFERENCES

Garrigus, W. P. Zhivotnovodstvo SShA. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from English.)
Skotovodstvo: Krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.

D. L. LEVANTIN

References in classic literature ?
Ask, as I have asked, a celebrated raiser of Hereford cattle, whether his cattle might not have descended from long horns, and he will laugh you to scorn.
The main activities are: pedigree antler breeding, livestock breeding (horse breeding, Hereford cattle breeds), plant growing, beekeeping.
David and Maggie Kelly have been farming 900 acres at Netherhall for 21 years where they run a pedigree herd of Hereford cattle and a smaller herd of pedigree Limousins, fed on a mostly grass-based diet.
The sale, at Shrewsbury on Tuesday, May 14, 11am, will coincide with the Hereford Cattle Breeders Association's annual collective sale.
Factors influencing weaning weight in the Hereford cattle and adjustment factors to correct records for these effects.
Ten Hereford cattle, six Suffolk sheep, five human beings, four cheeky donkeys, three greedy chickens, two camera guys.
In his earlier years, he loved to coon hunt, raise Hereford cattle, and ride horses while camping at Brownlow with his family.
"There will also be the heavy horse, side saddle and Shetland pony and Hereford cattle showing classes."
"The show will celebrate the best of animal care and training through displays by Nuneaton Dog Training Club and Canine Partners who train assistance dogs to meet the needs of individuals with physical disabilities plus the heavy horse, side saddle and Shetland pony and Hereford cattle showing classes."
NORTHYCOTE FARM AND COUNTRY PARK Underhill Lane, Bushbury, Wolverhampton, WV10 7JF See Shropshire sheep, Hereford Cattle, pigs, Norfolk black turkeys, geese, chickens, ducks and guinea fowl.
Records tumbled at the Hereford Cattle Society's second Annual Designer Genes Sale held at Shrewsbury Auction Centre.
The house was formerly the home of Captain de Quincey, who had a famous herd of pedigree Hereford cattle. When the herd was disposed of in the mid 1960s, world record prices were achieved.

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