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(hərār`ō), Bantu people, mainly in Namibia and Botswana. They number about 75,000. A pastoral tribe noted for their large cattle herds, the Herero probably migrated from the region of Lake Tanganyika in the 18th cent. They warred against their neighbors, the Khoikhoi, and enslaved many smaller tribes. Their territory was annexed (1885) as a part of German South West Africa, and from 1903 to 1907 they rebelled against German rule and were almost exterminated. In more recent times the Herero have often pressed for independence.


See J. M. White, The Land God Made in Anger (1969).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Ovaherero, a group of people living in Namibia (South West Africa) in the territory between the cities Windhoek and Grootfontein, and in Angola on the lower Kunene River. There are 40,000 Herero people living in South West Africa and 50,000 in Angola (1967, estimate). More than two-thirds of the Herero people were annihilated at the beginning of the 20th century when their uprising against the colonizers of the area was suppressed (the Herero and Hottentot Uprising of 1904-07). The Herero language belongs to the western branch of the Bantu language family. The majority of the Herero have retained their local traditional beliefs, although some of them have become Christians (Protestants). The principal occupation in the reservations is agriculture—millet, sorghum, corn. Part of the Herero people work on plantations owned by Afrikaners and in the mines of the Grootfontein area.


Luttig, H. C. The Religious System and Social Organisation of the Herero. Utrecht, 1933.
Irle, Y. Die Herero. Gütersloh, 1906.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Otjiserandu Major General, Festus Kamburona from Namibia observed that Otjiserandu meant the colour red which was adopted to distinguish the Herero from the Nama tribe during war since both tribes were initially symbolised by a white colour.
In recounting Germany's deliberate erasure of the Herero and Nama Holocaust from official memory and historiography, there is a deeper lesson to be learned.
contracts were more or less legitimate sales of land made with the informed consent ofFrederiks, then at war with Herero to the north.
In the late 1960s, two historians from West and East Germany presented, despite different approaches, similar conclusions in separate doctoral theses on the Herero genocide.
[8.] Bille PG and MJ Kandjou Chemical and sensory quality of omaze uozongombe (Ghee), butter oil made by smallholder Herero farmers in Namibia.
Despite her trials, she maintains a "noble bearing" like that "of the women of the Hereros of Southwest Africa" and she is described as having a "face...
Deborah Durham notes of Herero youth in Mahalapye, Botswana that 'close friends often construct identical dresses, or at least use the same fabric' as expressions of their shared sympathies and tastes (1999: 190).
Hull attributes the Herero genocide to a military organizational structure bereft of politics or values that has winning a confrontation as its only goal.
(27) Schinz explained his idea using an example from the pastoral Herero communities inhabiting central South West Africa.
TheGerman governmentalso did not want to use the word due to concerns that the Herero massacres committed in 1904 and 1905 by German troops in what is nowNamibiacould also be called genocide, leading to reparation demands.