Herero

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Herero

(hərār`ō), Bantu people, mainly in Namibia and Botswana. They number about 75,000. A pastoral tribe noted for their large cattle herds, the Herero probably migrated from the region of Lake Tanganyika in the 18th cent. They warred against their neighbors, the Khoikhoi, and enslaved many smaller tribes. Their territory was annexed (1885) as a part of German South West Africa, and from 1903 to 1907 they rebelled against German rule and were almost exterminated. In more recent times the Herero have often pressed for independence.

Bibliography

See J. M. White, The Land God Made in Anger (1969).

Herero

 

Ovaherero, a group of people living in Namibia (South West Africa) in the territory between the cities Windhoek and Grootfontein, and in Angola on the lower Kunene River. There are 40,000 Herero people living in South West Africa and 50,000 in Angola (1967, estimate). More than two-thirds of the Herero people were annihilated at the beginning of the 20th century when their uprising against the colonizers of the area was suppressed (the Herero and Hottentot Uprising of 1904-07). The Herero language belongs to the western branch of the Bantu language family. The majority of the Herero have retained their local traditional beliefs, although some of them have become Christians (Protestants). The principal occupation in the reservations is agriculture—millet, sorghum, corn. Part of the Herero people work on plantations owned by Afrikaners and in the mines of the Grootfontein area.

REFERENCES

Luttig, H. C. The Religious System and Social Organisation of the Herero. Utrecht, 1933.
Irle, Y. Die Herero. Gütersloh, 1906.

B. V. ANDRIANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
(29) Los Hereros fueron conducidos, a partir de una maniobra en forma de pinza de las fuerzas alemanas, al desierto de Omaheke.
On August 11, 1904, the German troops "began 'indiscriminate killing of the wounded, male prisoners, women and children.' Herero causalities quickly reached 5,000 killed and 20,000 wounded ...
Unlike multiple fragmented narratives centering around Slothrop and other preterite characters, Weissmann's historical background follows a linear, consistent trajectory, for he is one of the elect and his future is always secured, always "preserve[d]." After the "successful" destruction of the Herero population of Africa, Weissmann continues with his genocidal career as the SS Aryan elite in command of a V-2 battery which, after the war, facilitates his escape to the U.S.
Indeed, he went on to describe how "in August 1904, four columns of German troops surrounded about 80,000 Herero men, women and children in a field at the foot of Waterberg [a massive plateau] called Hamakari.
Most of them came from ethnic backgrounds with a liberal view on women and drinking (mostly Damara/Nama and Baster), but also some Hereros, who were much more deviant when drinking.
The Hereros are optimistic, but some experts think there is a slim chance that events that happened a century ago will be settled now, because they will be judged by the international law of the time.
Following the outbreak of the Herero rebellion in 1904, mining ceased but resumed in 1906, continuing until 1915.
Niema Mossavat of Die Linke on a later date." At those meeting bilateral relations were discussed as well as the Herero genocide of 1904.
A German missionary wrote at the time: "The real cause of the bitterness among the Hereros towards the Germans is without question the fact that the average German looks down upon natives as being about on the same level as the higher primates and treats them like animals.
Therefore, the [German] settler who helped to reduce the number of Hereros was performing a public service.
It will be seen, in regard to the Hereros and Hottentots, these authorities entirely independently, and dealing with the years 1876,1894 and 1903 respectively, give pratically the same estimate.
He also went on to advise that "the troops should intervene", and that "the best rime to beat Hendrik Witbooi [the great chief of the Kowese Hottentors] would be to attack him when, after one of his usual defeats by the Hereros, he is retreating to the south".