Hermann Abendroth


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Abendroth, Hermann

 

Born Jan. 19, 1883, in Frankfurt am Main; died May 29, 1956, in Jena. German conductor (German Democratic Republic).

Abendroth was a pupil of the German conductor F. Mottl. From 1903 he directed the symphony orchestras of Munich, Lubeck, Essen, and Cologne, and in 1922–23 the symphonic concerts of the Berlin State Opera. From 1934 to 1945 he was head of the pedagogical department at the Imperial Chamber of Music; at the same time he was conductor of the Leipzig Gewandhaus and taught at the Leipzig Conservatory. After 1945 he was the principal conductor and professor at the Academy of Music in Weimar. From 1949 he directed the symphony orchestra of the Leipzig Radio; from 1953, that of the Berlin Radio. He was a member of the German Academy of Arts.

Abendroth often performed in the USSR—in particular, in 1925 and 1954. His conducting art assimilated the best traditions of German musical culture and was noted for unity of the general artistic conception and for clarity of form. Abendroth was a talented interpreter of the music of Beethoven, Brahms, and Bruckner. He was awarded the National Prize of the GDR in 1949.

O. T. LEONT’EVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The book in large part comprises a response to several earlier works on the performance traditions of Brahms's symphonies, particularly those of Walter Frisch (Brahms: the Four Symphonies [New York: Schirmer, 1996] and "In Search of Brahms's First Symphony: Steinbach, the Meiningen tradition, and the Recordings of Hermann Abendroth," in Performing Brahms: Early Evidence of Performance Style, ed.
Under its various chief conductors — including Sergiu Celibidache, Eugen Jochum, Hermann Abendroth, Rolf Kleinert, Heinz Rogner, and Rafael Fruhbeck de Burgos — the RSB has become a flexible symphonic orchestra, where great composers of the 20th century have also been happy to conduct their own works.
He began his musical training with Hermann Abendroth at the Franz Liszt Academy in Weimar and continued his studies with Hermann Scherchen, and was one of only a few students chosen for intensive study with Herbert von Karajan, with whom he worked for two years.