Sibiu

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Related to Hermannstadt: Kronstadt, Nagyszeben

Sibiu

(sēbyo͝o`), Ger. Hermannstadt, Hung. Nagyszeben, city (1990 pop. 188,385), central Romania, at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps. There are mechanical engineering works and industries producing textile machinery, foodstuffs, and leather. The city is also a market for farm products and cattle. Founded in the 12th cent. by German colonists, Sibiu was destroyed by the Tatars in 1241. In the 14th cent. it became a leading administrative and commercial center of the German communities in Transylvania. It suffered greatly in the wars against the Turks and in the 17th cent. came under Austrian control. With the rest of Transylvania, it was ceded to Romania in 1918. The city preserves much of its medieval character and has a considerable German minority, although many Germans were forced to leave after World War II. Long a cultural center of Transylvania, Sibiu has a state theater, a philharmonic orchestra, and the Bruhenthal museum. The city is an Orthodox metropolitan see and has two cathedrals.

Sibiu

 

a district in central Rumania, occupying the Transylvanian Plateau and the northern slopes of the Southern Carpathians. Area, 5,400 sq km. Population, 457,000 (1974). The administrative center is the city of Sibiu. Industry in Sibiu District accounts for 3.5 percent of the country’s gross industrial output; the chief branches are machine building (40 percent of the district’s gross output), textile production (8.6 percent), and food processing (13.5 percent). The district also has enterprises of the nonferrous metallurgical, leather and footwear, clothing, • chemical, woodworking, glass, porcelain and faience, building-materials, and printing industries. Agriculture accounts for 1.3 percent of the country’s gross output; the district specializes in the cultivation of wheat, corn, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, and hemp. Fruits are grown in the foothills; grapes are cultivated in the Tîrnava Mare River valley. Livestock is raised on the natural meadows and pastures, which cover 33 percent of the district’s territory.


Sibiu

 

a city in central Rumania, on the Cibin River, a tributary of the Olt River, near where the Cibin cuts through the Southern Carpathians. Administrative center of Sibiu District. Population, 129,000 (1974). Sibiu is one of Rumania’s industrial centers and transportation junctions. Machine building is a major industry, producing equipment for the chemical, metallurgical, mining, and light industries, automobile parts, and measuring instruments. The textile industry produces fabrics, carpets, and clothing, including knitwear, and the food industry includes meat, dairy, and confectionery enterprises and enterprises for the production of flour, wine, and vodka. There are also leather and footwear, sawmilling, furniture, cosmetics, and printing enterprises. Sibiu is a tourist site.

Medieval buildings have been preserved in the center of the city, including remains of city fortifications (13th to 17th centuries), the Gothic Hospital Church (1292) and Evangelical Church (1350 to early 16th century), and private houses (14th to 16th centuries). Palaces with portals in the Renaissance style (16th century) are located on Republic Square, as are several baroque structures, including the tower of the town hall (completed 1750). a church (1726–38), and the Brukenthal Palace (1780–85; now the Brukenthal Museum). Since the late 1940’s, new residential areas have been under construction, including Terezian and Hipodrom, as well as the areas along Ştefan cel Mare and Dumbrăva streets and Gheorghe-Gheorghiu-Dej Boulevard.

Sibiu

an industrial town in W central Romania: originally a Roman city, refounded by German colonists in the 12th century. Pop.: 133 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
"We need to be lucky and I just hope I haven't used up all the luck I will need against Hermannstadt."
They built strongly protected cities like Hermannstadt (Sibiu in Romanian) and Kronstadt (Brasov), Klausenburg (Cluj) and Schassburg (Sighisoara) as well as small villages with churches surrounded by thick fortifying walls.
Furthermore, the German vein is regrettably perpetuated in the toponymy: Thorn is mentioned (99, 107), without any indication that this is the Polish town of Torun; the German minority living in Hermannstadt (163) was really in the Romanian Sibiu (or Hungarian Nagyszeben).
He surveys the emergence of religious communities within a clearly delineated geographical, political, and cultural space during a specific historical period that begins with the Battle of Mohacs in 1526, which ended the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, and ends with the Hermannstadt Declaration in 1688 and the Leopoldine Diploma in 1691, which together marked the loss of the Principality's autonomy.
FABINI Hermann, ORBAN Paul (2002), Lista asezarilor sasesti cu biserici fortificat, Atlas der Siebenburghish-Sachsischen Kirchenburgen und Dorfkirchen, Hermannstadt.
Lufthansa is to launch a new route from Munich to Sibiu (formerly known as Hermannstadt) on September 1.
Eduard Albert Bielz, Handbuch der Landeskunde Siebenburgens: Eine physikalisch-statistisch-topographische Beschreibung dieses Landes (Hermannstadt, 1857; reprint, Cologne: Bohlau, 1996), 419; Topographie der Ortschaften: Karte des Grossfurstentums Siebenburgen, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, ed.
After Soviet troops took control of Hermannstadt in September 1944, all Germans in the territories were retroactively declared members of the Nazi party.
Marga is a Romanian Orthodox priest and professor of canon law at the Orthodox faculty of Sibiu (Hermannstadt); he also teaches at the faculties of Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg) and Oradea (Grosswardein).
Oskar Pastior was born 1927 in Hermannstadt, in Transylvania, a
Unmistakable here are two references: the author's actual home in Romania (Hermannstadt in Siebenburgen) and the Wagnerian pseudo-allusions.