Sibiu

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Related to Hermannstadt: Kronstadt, Nagyszeben

Sibiu

(sēbyo͝o`), Ger. Hermannstadt, Hung. Nagyszeben, city (1990 pop. 188,385), central Romania, at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps. There are mechanical engineering works and industries producing textile machinery, foodstuffs, and leather. The city is also a market for farm products and cattle. Founded in the 12th cent. by German colonists, Sibiu was destroyed by the Tatars in 1241. In the 14th cent. it became a leading administrative and commercial center of the German communities in Transylvania. It suffered greatly in the wars against the Turks and in the 17th cent. came under Austrian control. With the rest of Transylvania, it was ceded to Romania in 1918. The city preserves much of its medieval character and has a considerable German minority, although many Germans were forced to leave after World War II. Long a cultural center of Transylvania, Sibiu has a state theater, a philharmonic orchestra, and the Bruhenthal museum. The city is an Orthodox metropolitan see and has two cathedrals.

Sibiu

 

a district in central Rumania, occupying the Transylvanian Plateau and the northern slopes of the Southern Carpathians. Area, 5,400 sq km. Population, 457,000 (1974). The administrative center is the city of Sibiu. Industry in Sibiu District accounts for 3.5 percent of the country’s gross industrial output; the chief branches are machine building (40 percent of the district’s gross output), textile production (8.6 percent), and food processing (13.5 percent). The district also has enterprises of the nonferrous metallurgical, leather and footwear, clothing, • chemical, woodworking, glass, porcelain and faience, building-materials, and printing industries. Agriculture accounts for 1.3 percent of the country’s gross output; the district specializes in the cultivation of wheat, corn, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, and hemp. Fruits are grown in the foothills; grapes are cultivated in the Tîrnava Mare River valley. Livestock is raised on the natural meadows and pastures, which cover 33 percent of the district’s territory.


Sibiu

 

a city in central Rumania, on the Cibin River, a tributary of the Olt River, near where the Cibin cuts through the Southern Carpathians. Administrative center of Sibiu District. Population, 129,000 (1974). Sibiu is one of Rumania’s industrial centers and transportation junctions. Machine building is a major industry, producing equipment for the chemical, metallurgical, mining, and light industries, automobile parts, and measuring instruments. The textile industry produces fabrics, carpets, and clothing, including knitwear, and the food industry includes meat, dairy, and confectionery enterprises and enterprises for the production of flour, wine, and vodka. There are also leather and footwear, sawmilling, furniture, cosmetics, and printing enterprises. Sibiu is a tourist site.

Medieval buildings have been preserved in the center of the city, including remains of city fortifications (13th to 17th centuries), the Gothic Hospital Church (1292) and Evangelical Church (1350 to early 16th century), and private houses (14th to 16th centuries). Palaces with portals in the Renaissance style (16th century) are located on Republic Square, as are several baroque structures, including the tower of the town hall (completed 1750). a church (1726–38), and the Brukenthal Palace (1780–85; now the Brukenthal Museum). Since the late 1940’s, new residential areas have been under construction, including Terezian and Hipodrom, as well as the areas along Ştefan cel Mare and Dumbrăva streets and Gheorghe-Gheorghiu-Dej Boulevard.

Sibiu

an industrial town in W central Romania: originally a Roman city, refounded by German colonists in the 12th century. Pop.: 133 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Modernising urban infrastructure became a priority for the municipality after 2004 when Sibiu, formerly known as Hermannstadt, was selected as the European Capital of Culture for the year 2007.
The Irish writer considered that Dracula had some connections with the "Evil One," learning his black magic when studying at the Scholomance, near Hermannstadt [Sibiu] (Stoker 1993: 291; Gerard 1888: 198).
Sibiu, known as Hermannstadt to the Saxons, grew to be the chief city of the Transylvanian Saxons
Raul Rognean ist Geschaftsfuhrer des Demokratischen Forum der Deutschen in Hermannstadt, Stiftungsmitglied der Verein fur Politische Bildung, in Rumanien (Asociatia pentru Educatie Politica), Chefredakteur der Zeitschrift: Memorandum: Zeitschrift fur politische Bildung und Kultur und Junior Fellow des ZEWI seit Dezember 2011.
Modernising urban infrastructure became a priority after 2004 when Sibiu, formerly known as Hermannstadt, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture, together with Luxembourg.
Principal battles: Semendria (Smederevo) (1441); Hermannstadt (Sibiu), the Iron Gates (1442); Snaim (Kostajnica) (1443); Varna (in Bulgaria) (1444); Kossovo (1448); Belgrade (Beograd) I and II (1456).
Bei dem einen oder anderen hier im Raum reicht die Bekanntschaft bis in seine Zeiten als Lehrer an der Brukenthal-Schule oder als Schulinspektor in Hermannstadt zuruck.
Lyzeum wurde an der Samuel von Brukenthal Gymnasium in Hermannstadt beendet; derzeit Mitglied des deutschen Forums in Hermannstadt und Nachhilfestundenlehrer.
Kronstadt und Hermannstadt waren zu dieser Zeit die bekannten Altarbauwerkstatten, die den ganzen siebenburgischen Landstrich versorgten.
Jozsef Teleki vient d'etre introduit dans les secrets de la langue francaise pendant deux ans par Charles Magdeburg, qui etait arrive en Transylvanie (au General Commando de Hermannstadt, aujourd'hui Sibiu, Roumanie) comme adjudant d'un officier de l'armee autrichienne.
in Rumanien mit Sitz in Hermannstadt angeschlossen (1920), wahrend ein anderer Teil der lutherischen Pfarramter in Siebenburgen eine ungarische lutherische Superintendentur, spater Bischofsamt, mit Sitz in Arad und Klausenburg bildeten.