hermit

(redirected from Hermet)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

hermit

[Gr.,=desert], one who lives in solitude, especially from ascetic motives. Hermits are known in many cultures. Permanent solitude was common in ancient Christian asceticismasceticism
, rejection of bodily pleasures through sustained self-denial and self-mortification, with the objective of strengthening spiritual life. Asceticism has been common in most major world religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity: all of
..... Click the link for more information.
; St. AnthonyAnthony, Saint
, 251?–c.350, Egyptian hermit, called St. Anthony of Egypt and St. Anthony the Abbot. At the age of 20 he gave away his large inheritance and became a hermit.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Egypt and St. Simeon StylitesSimeon Stylites, Saint
[Gr.,= of a pillar], d. 459?, Syrian hermit. He lived for more than 35 years on a small platform on top of a high pillar. He had many imitators (called stylites) and gained the reverence of the whole Christian world. Feast: Jan. 5.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were noted hermits. Many extreme Franciscans (Spirituals) of the 13th and the 14th cent. were hermits, among them Pope St. Celestine. In the East the hermit, or eremetical, life was widely held to be the more perfect form of monasticismmonasticism
, form of religious life, usually conducted in a community under a common rule. Monastic life is bound by ascetical practices expressed typically in the vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience, called the evangelical counsels.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and was open only to those who had first passed years in a monastic community. Monasticism in the West developed along the less rigorous communal lines; the CarthusiansCarthusians
, small order of monks of the Roman Catholic Church [Lat. abbr.,=O. Cart.]. It was established by St. Bruno at La Grande Chartreuse (see Chartreuse, Grande) in France in 1084.
..... Click the link for more information.
 are well-known exceptions. The hermit or anchorite of the ancient church lived in the desert, commonly walled up in a cell with only a window. In medieval Europe the cell usually connected with a church. The Ancren RiwleAncren Riwle
or Ancrene Wisse
[Mid. Eng.,=anchoresses' rule], English tract written c.1200 by an anonymous English churchman for the instruction of three young ladies about to become religious recluses.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was written for English anchoresses. Juliana of NorwichJuliana of Norwich
, d. c.1443, English religious writer, an anchoress, or hermit, of Norwich called Mother (or Dame) Juliana or Julian. Her work, completed c.1393, Revelations of Divine Love, is an expression of mystical fervor in the form of 16 visions of Jesus.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was a famous English anchoress.

hermit

one of the early Christian recluses
References in periodicals archive ?
Edouard Hermet works for the online media Sans A_, whose goal is to make "the invisibles visible" and make it go viral.
En el mismo sentido que Weber, Bertrand Badie, Guy Hermet y Richard Pipes exploran los extremos del particularismo ruso; los primeros, desde una perspectiva comparativa, y Pipes estudio el caso desde la perspectiva weberiana con mayor profundidad.
8) Este tipo de elecciones semicompetitivas--que constituye una categoria amplia de experiencias historicas-- se ven mediatizadas por factores que abarcan desde la imposicion de restricciones al numero y tipo de partidos concurrentes y el veto a las formaciones pequenas, hasta el establecimiento de un partido hegemonico o frente oficial (Badie y Hermet, 1993: 249) que controla asimetrica y abrumadoramente el acceso a los recursos y medios de propaganda de cara al proceso electoral.
A principios de 2012 el sociologo e historiador frances Guy Hermet escribio en un articulo en la revista bimestral Critique: "El populismo contemporaneo dejo de ser un fenomeno episodico y transitorio, tipico de contextos pasajeros de las crisis de las democracias.
En primer lugar, la mayor parte de los autores de la llamada consolidologia como Linz y Stepan (1996), Schedler (2001) y Hermet (2001) concentraron su interes en el Cono Sur dejando de lado subregiones como la andina.
Nicolini FE, Etienne G, Dubruille V, Roy L, Huguet F, Legros L, Giraudier S, Coiteux V, Guerci-Bresler A, Lenain P, Rea D, Ame S, Cony-Makhoul P, Gardembas M, Hermet E, Rousselot P, Gagnieu MC, Morisset S, Pivot C, Etienne M, Guilhot F, Dulucq S, Mahon FX.
Esto ha redundado en una transformacion conceptual del populismo que busca asociarlo exclusivamente con escenarios de desastre politico e inestabilidad economica, ademas de intentar reducirlo a un fenomeno exclusivamente determinado por los liderazgos demagogicos y corruptos (Dahrendorf, 2005: 38; Hermet, 2001; Krauze, 2005; Loaeza, 2007: 232).
No que diz respeito aos estudos antropologicos sobre as dinamicas e formas de exercicio do poder e da politica, uma das contribuicoes relevantes para a problematica de investigacao em curso consiste na critica e na ruptura em relacao as abordagens que reduzem as concepcoes e as praticas politicas as formas legitimas comumente associadas as chamadas "dinamicas ocidentais" (Badie; Hermet, 1993).
In addition, its failure is visible in briefer intervals (Cammack 2000, 152), a critically damaging circumstance for populism because if something approaching a theory of populism were to be sketched out, it would stress precisely the regime's relation with time, torn as it is between its leaders' demagoguery and what Guy Hermet calls "the rash impatience of its clients" (2003, 11).
Dans La gouvernance : un concept et ses applications, sous la direction de Guy Hermet, Ali Kazancigil et Jean-Francois Prud'homme, 149-178.