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Related to Hermitage: Hermitage Museum


see Jackson, AndrewJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
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(ĕr'mētäzh`), museum in St. Petersburg, Russia, one of the world's foremost houses of art, consisting of six buildings along the embankment of the Neva River. Its central building, the Winter Palace (erected 1754–62 by Czarina Elizabeth and the traditional winter residence of the czars), was damaged in an 1837 fire and reconstructed in the neoclassical style in the 19th cent. from the original pavilion palace. Its magnificant collection began as the private collection of Catherine II (Catherine the Great), which she purchased in 1764. Opened to the public in 1852, the museum contained only the imperial collections until 1917. There are now more than three million items in the Hermitage collection, including some 8,000 paintings of the Flemish, French, Dutch, Spanish, and Italian schools as well as superb modern works, with many by Rembrandt, Rubens, Picasso, and Matisse. The art collections also include the art of India, China, Egypt, pre-Columbian America, Greece, and Rome, as well as Scythian art from the Eurasian steppe. There are tapestries, ivories, and furniture. "The Heroic Past of the Russian People" includes the War Museum and a tribute to Peter the Great. Another part is devoted to the life and works of Pushkin. Russian art is exhibited separately in Mikhailovsky Palace, which was opened in 1898. In 2004 the Hermitage, which had previously inaugurated small foreign outlets in London and Las Vegas (in collaboration with the Guggenheim MuseumGuggenheim Museum,
officially Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, major museum of modern art in New York City. Founded in 1939 as the Museum of Non-objective Art, the Guggenheim is known for its remarkable circular building (1959) with curving interior ramp designed by Frank Lloyd
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), opened a large branch in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, which exhibits loans from the parent institution.


See V. Suslov, ed., Great Art Treasures of the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (2 vol., 1995) and the catalog Hidden Treasures Revealed: Impressionist Masterpieces and Other Important French Paintings Preserved by the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (1995).


in France: see MontmorencyMontmorency,
town (1990 pop. 21,003), Val d'Oise dept., N France, a suburb N of Paris. J. J. Rousseau lived there (1756–62), first at the nearby "Hermitage," a cottage on the estate of his friend, Mme d'Épinay, and after his quarrel with her, in Montmorency itself.
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, France.



a name often given to such isolated structures as suburban villas and park pavilions. An example is the Hermitage in Catherine Park in the city of Pushkin (1743–54, architects M. G. Zemtsov, V. V. Rastrelli, and others). In the mid-18th century in St. Petersburg, the name was applied to the halls of the Winter Palace that housed art collections and that were open only to the elite. It later passed to the museum buildings that were erected next to the palace. In Leningrad, the museum incorporating the palace and buildings is now known as the Hermitage(seeHERMITAGE, STATE).


1. A private retreat.
2. A secluded hideaway.
3. A house of certain monastic orders.


the abode of a hermit
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Hermitage, an investment fund and asset management company specialising in Russian markets, police interrogated the law firm's employees and "left a 41-point request for corporate documents".
The Alyeska Hermitage Treehouse Resort is a sustainable and environmentally responsible project that enables visitors to live in modern luxury while maintaining harmony with nature.
The 30 masterpieces selected from the Hermitage collections include paintings by Velazquez, Titian, Rembrandt, Cezanne and Picasso, and sculptures by Rodin, Bernini, Matisse, and after Michelangelo.
He took a descendant of one of Rachel's favorite magnolias from the garden at the Hermitage and planted it at the White House in 1829 in memory of his beloved.
CHICAGO -- Hermitage Fine Arts, a better framed art supplier, has launched its first line of tabletop photo frames.
The Hermitage has been tying up with museums in Europe and the United States and has also been working to set up branches abroad.
The Hermitage satellite opened last October with an exhibition of classic modern canvases appropriated from preRevolutionary collections, supplemented by later work from the Guggenheim in New York and in Venice.
99), Crozes Hermitage La Matiniere Blanc 2000 ($14.
Russian Ark'' is a landmark feature film, but not merely because of its groundbreaking formal achievement - the entire piece was shot in one uninterrupted, 87-minute Steadicam take, mostly inside the vast Hermitage museum.
Hermitage Plaza is located in the centre of Moscow and includes three office buildings, of approximately 82,000 s/f, 11,000 s/f and 8,000 s/f.
The victim, who is in her early 40s, was walking along Hermitage Way, Stourport-on-Severn, at about 8.
Gorokhov appears as a member of the Hermitage Trio and the trio is steeped in the tradition of Russian string playing.