Hermitage


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Hermitage

(ĕr'mētäzh`), museum in St. Petersburg, Russia, one of the world's foremost houses of art, consisting of six buildings along the embankment of the Neva River. Its central building, the Winter Palace (erected 1754–62 by Czarina Elizabeth and the traditional winter residence of the czars), was damaged in an 1837 fire and reconstructed in the neoclassical style in the 19th cent. from the original pavilion palace. Its magnificant collection began as the private collection of Catherine II (Catherine the Great), which she purchased in 1764. Opened to the public in 1852, the museum contained only the imperial collections until 1917. There are now more than three million items in the Hermitage collection, including some 8,000 paintings of the Flemish, French, Dutch, Spanish, and Italian schools as well as superb modern works, with many by Rembrandt, Rubens, Picasso, and Matisse. The art collections also include the art of India, China, Egypt, pre-Columbian America, Greece, and Rome, as well as Scythian art from the Eurasian steppe. There are tapestries, ivories, and furniture. "The Heroic Past of the Russian People" includes the War Museum and a tribute to Peter the Great. Another part is devoted to the life and works of Pushkin. Russian art is exhibited separately in Mikhailovsky Palace, which was opened in 1898. In 2004 the Hermitage, which had previously inaugurated small foreign outlets in London and Las Vegas (in collaboration with the Guggenheim MuseumGuggenheim Museum,
officially Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, major museum of modern art in New York City. Founded in 1939 as the Museum of Non-objective Art, the Guggenheim is known for its remarkable circular building (1959) with curving interior ramp designed by Frank Lloyd
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), opened a large branch in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, which exhibits loans from the parent institution.

Bibliography

See V. Suslov, ed., Great Art Treasures of the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (2 vol., 1995) and the catalog Hidden Treasures Revealed: Impressionist Masterpieces and Other Important French Paintings Preserved by the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg (1995).


Hermitage,

in France: see MontmorencyMontmorency,
town (1990 pop. 21,003), Val d'Oise dept., N France, a suburb N of Paris. J. J. Rousseau lived there (1756–62), first at the nearby "Hermitage," a cottage on the estate of his friend, Mme d'Épinay, and after his quarrel with her, in Montmorency itself.
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, France.

Hermitage:

see Jackson, AndrewJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career

A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
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.

Hermitage

 

a name often given to such isolated structures as suburban villas and park pavilions. An example is the Hermitage in Catherine Park in the city of Pushkin (1743–54, architects M. G. Zemtsov, V. V. Rastrelli, and others). In the mid-18th century in St. Petersburg, the name was applied to the halls of the Winter Palace that housed art collections and that were open only to the elite. It later passed to the museum buildings that were erected next to the palace. In Leningrad, the museum incorporating the palace and buildings is now known as the Hermitage(seeHERMITAGE, STATE).

hermitage

1. A private retreat.
2. A secluded hideaway.
3. A house of certain monastic orders.

hermitage

the abode of a hermit
References in periodicals archive ?
The Hermitage was established in 1764 when Russian Empress Catherine the Great acquired an impressive collection of works from the Berlin merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky.
Mikhail Piotrowski, Director of Hermitage, and two workshops on
The event also marked the signing of a bilateral 'Training and Capacity-building agreement' by Jamal bin Hassan al Moosawi, director general of the National Museum, and Prof Dr Mikhail Borisovich Piotrovskiy, director general of the State Hermitage Museum.
Compared to a Barossa Shiraz, a Crozes Hermitage is a delicate wee flower.
The open date and status above indicate when Hermitage Primary School opened or when it changed to its most recent incarnation, with a number of schools converting to academies in recent years.
Nordea Bank AB became the latest large Nordic bank to be accused of alleged money laundering following allegations by Hermitage Capital Management.
"We're inviting everyone in Youngstown to stop by, tour our new Hermitage showroom and experience Levin Furniture firsthand," said Chris Pelcher, Levin Furniture executive vice president and general manager.
He had accused them of raiding the premises of Hermitage Capital and illegally gaining the ownership of three of Hermitage Capital subsidiaries.
Jamie Wright, Assistant Director for Delivery Sales, said: "We are delighted to announce the launch of our Scholarship programme at Hermitage Academy.
The annual Schools Plant Science Competition began in 1997 as an activity to help celebrate the Queensland Government's Hermitage Research Facility's centenary year and has reached over 100,000 students across Australia, with between 150 and 200 schools registering to participate each year.
Firstly I met up with the fabulous folk rock band, Hermitage Green.
US-based private equity firm Hermitage Equity Partners and Chicago, US-based private equity firm Greyrock Capital Group LLC have acquired California, US-based silicone medical device manufacturer Bentec Medical, Inc.