Hernández, Miguel

Hernández, Miguel

(mēgĕl` ārnän`dĕs), 1910–42, Spanish poet, b. Orihuela. A completely self-taught writer, he absorbed the influence of the poets of the Golden Age and of the generation of García LorcaGarcía Lorca, Federico
, 1898–1936, Spanish poet and dramatist, b. Fuente Vaqueros. The poetry, passion, and violence of his work and his own tragic and bloody death brought him enduring international acclaim.
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. His poetry, both tender and vigorous, reflects his own experience with war, death, and social injustice. His works include Cancionero y romancero de ausencias (1939; tr. Songbook of Absences, 1972). A supporter of the Republicans during the Spanish civil warSpanish civil war,
1936–39, conflict in which the conservative and traditionalist forces in Spain rose against and finally overthrew the second Spanish republic. The Second Republic
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, although never a combatant, he was imprisoned (1940) as a traitor by the Franco government and died in prison. The Spanish government did not officially rehabilitate him until 2010.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hernández, Miguel


Born Oct. 30, 1910, in Orihuela; died Mar. 28, 1942, in Alicante. Spanish poet.

Hernández joined the Communist Party of Spain in 1936 and fought in the National Revolutionary War in Spain (1936–39). He died in a fascist prison. His collections The Expert on the Moon (1933) and The Unceasing Ray (1936) contain intimate lyric poems. He glorified the heroism of the Spanish people in the struggle against fascism in the collections Wind of the Village (1937) and The Man on the Lookout (1939) and in the drama in verse The Pastor of Death (1937). The poems he wrote in prison attest to his civic courage. Hernández was also the author of such plays as The First Fellow (1937).


Obras completas. Buenos Aires, 1960.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Moscow, 1970.


Romero, E. Migel’ Ernandes. Moscow, 1962.
Iasnyi, V. “M. Ernandes i ispanskaia poeziia.” Voprosy literatury, 1964, no. 9.
Plavskin, Z. “Migel’ Ernandes.” In Istoriia zarubezhnoi literatury posle Oktiabr’skoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1969.
Terterian, I. Ispytanie istoriei: Ocherki ispanskoi literatury XX veka. Moscow, 1973.
Puccini, D. Miguel Hernández: Vida y poesía. Buenos Aires [1970].
Cano Ballesta, J. La poesía de Miguel Herníndez [2nd ed.]. Madrid [1971].
Ramos, V. M. Hernéndez. Madrid, 1973.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.