Hernán Cortés

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Hernán Cortés
Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro
BirthplaceMedellín, Castile
Died
NationalityCastilian
Occupation
Conquistador
Known for Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

Cortés, Hernán

 

Bora in 1485; died Dec. 2, 1547. Spanish conquistador; the conqueror of Mexico.

The son of a nobleman of modest means, Cortes was educated at the University of Salamanca. From 1504 to 1519, he was an official and owned encomiendas in the West Indies (Santo Domingo, Cuba). From 1519 to 1521 he led an expedition of conquest to Mexico, during which Spanish rule was established in the central part of the country. In conquering Mexico, Cortes displayed considerable military and political ability along with extreme cruelty and perfidy in dealing with the Indians. From 1522 to 1528 he was governor and captain general of New Spain (Mexico); from 1529 he was captain general. In 1540 he returned to Spain, where he died.

WORKS

Relaciones de H. Cortes a Carlos V, vols. 1–2. Mexico City, 1958.

REFERENCES

Ocherki novoi i noveishei istorii Meksiki. Moscow, 1960.
Madariaga, S. de. Hernán Cortés, 6th ed. Mexico City-Buenos Aires, 1955.
Valle, R. H. Bibliografía de Herndn Cortés. Mexico City, 1953.

G. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
On December 12, 1531, just twelve years after Hernan Cortes first set foot on Mexican soil, a miracle happened in Mexico.
The city had a population of around 30,000 when Hernan Cortes found it on the dawn of his conquest of Mexico.
Even its youngest members can recount the 479-year history of local resistance to globalization, starting when Spanish invader Hernan Cortes sent troops to the region.
Here, Kunstler recounts--blow by blow--the conquest of the Aztec civilization by the outnumbered retinue of conquistador Hernan Cortes.
For Christopher Columbus, Hernan Cortes, or John Calvert--the Catholic founder of the Maryland colony--planting the faith went hand-in-hand with exploration, conquest, or settlement.
Back in ChaliceStream, Jones created La Malinche: The Woman with Three Names, a solo in which she compassionately portrays the Nahuatl woman, caught in the machinations of history, who became the mistress of and interpreter for Hernan Cortes, the Spanish conquistador who conquered her people.
Private property did not exist in Mexico when Hernan Cortes conquered the place for the West.
In 1521, Spaniards led by Hernan Cortes defeated Mexico's Aztec empire, and in 1544 Spain took control of the Maya-occupied Yucatan.
near here, Hernan Cortes launched his conquest in 1519.
Participating in the CDW-G Small Business Partner Consortium empowers us to deliver a broader and deeper range of leading-edge technology solutions to complement our portfolio of systems integration and IT services capabilities," said Hernan Cortes, president, Betis Group.
Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and about 500 soldiers reach the coast of Mexico from Cuba.
Asi desfilan Hernan Cortes, hombre complejo y contradictorio que evoluciona a lo largo de la Historia verdadera; Jeronimo de Aguilar y Gonzalo Guerrero, ejemplos disimiles de la transculturacion dibujados en su interioridad mediante la palabra que Bernal les otorga; Dona Marina, la Malinche, personaje de alto contenido simbolico, lengua, mujer y capitana de Cortes a quien Bernal destaca como ningun otro cronista hasta el punto de aprender que tambien a Cortes comienzan a llamarlo Malinche.