Hernán Cortés

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Related to Hernando Cortes: Francisco Pizarro, Ferdinand Magellan, Huayna Capac, John Cabot, Jacques Cartier
Hernán Cortés
Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro
BirthplaceMedellín, Castile
Known for Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

Cortés, Hernán


Bora in 1485; died Dec. 2, 1547. Spanish conquistador; the conqueror of Mexico.

The son of a nobleman of modest means, Cortes was educated at the University of Salamanca. From 1504 to 1519, he was an official and owned encomiendas in the West Indies (Santo Domingo, Cuba). From 1519 to 1521 he led an expedition of conquest to Mexico, during which Spanish rule was established in the central part of the country. In conquering Mexico, Cortes displayed considerable military and political ability along with extreme cruelty and perfidy in dealing with the Indians. From 1522 to 1528 he was governor and captain general of New Spain (Mexico); from 1529 he was captain general. In 1540 he returned to Spain, where he died.


Relaciones de H. Cortes a Carlos V, vols. 1–2. Mexico City, 1958.


Ocherki novoi i noveishei istorii Meksiki. Moscow, 1960.
Madariaga, S. de. Hernán Cortés, 6th ed. Mexico City-Buenos Aires, 1955.
Valle, R. H. Bibliografía de Herndn Cortés. Mexico City, 1953.


References in periodicals archive ?
In which year did Hernando Cortes establish a settlement at Veracruz?
That's what the Aztec Indians wondered when they first saw Hernando Cortes (kawr-TEHZ).
The inspired pairing of Kevin Kline and Kenneth Branagh to provide the voices of the two lovable rogues in search of the lost city of gold, trying to keep one step ahead of the brutal conquistadore Hernando Cortes and pull the wool over the eyes of the evil native high priest (the oily-voiced Armand Assante), makes the movie a delight throughout.
The overthrow of the "Aztec Empire" by Hernando Cortes and his fellow conquistadores is well-known.
Topiltzin is an Aztec survivor of the Spanish invasion of 1502 where his people and culture have been ruthlessly destroyed at the hands of Hernando Cortes and his Conquistadores in the name of Christianity.
In 1521, Hernando Cortes, a Spanish explorer, conquered the Aztec and destroyed Tenochtitlan.
HEROES & VILLAINS (15) Exploring the lives of gladiator Spartacus, Napoleon, Richard the Lionheart, Japanese peacemaker Tokugawa leyasu, Attila the Hun and Hernando Cortes, who conquered the Aztecs.
Alonso Navarrette came to the Americas in 1516 with Hernando Cortes, which would make me one of his descendents.