Hero of Socialist Labor

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hero of Socialist Labor


an honorific title in the USSR; the highest degree of recognition for exceptional achievement in economic and cultural construction. It was established by a ukase of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on Dec. 27, 1938 (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR, 1938, no. 23). It is conferred by the Presidium on persons whose especially outstanding work of innovation in industry, agriculture, transport, trade, scientific discovery, or technical invention has helped to advance the national economy, culture, or science or to increase the might and glory of the USSR.

The Hero of Socialist Labor receives the highest award in the USSR, the Order of Lenin, and is granted a certificate by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. As a special distinction for those citizens bearing the title Hero of Socialist Labor, the gold Hammer and Sickle Medal was authorized by a ukase of the Presidium on May 22, 1940 (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR, 1940, no. 14). The medal is presented simultaneously with the Order of Lenin and the certificate of the Presidium.

A Hero of Socialist Labor who achieves further outstanding successes is awarded a second Hammer and Sickle Medal. To commemorate the creative achievements of a two-time Hero of Socialist Labor, a bronze bust is erected in the Hero’s native locality.

As of Sept. 1, 1971, the title Hero of Socialist Labor has been conferred upon 16,245 persons, including 4,497 women. The Hammer and Sickle Medal had been awarded two or more times to 105 persons (24 of them women). The title may be retracted only by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lieutenant General Mikhail Kalashnikov, Doctor of Technical Sciences, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, and Hero of Russia, invented about 30 different weapons.
The forum of rural women is held on occasion of Day of Rural Women of Kyrgyzstan, established in the memory of Hero of socialist labor Zuurakan Kainazarova.
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva and their daughter Leyla Aliyeva have viewed an exhibition marking the 90th anniversary of People`s Artist of Azerbaijan and the USSR, hero of Socialist Labor, holder of state prizes, world-renowned artist Tahir Salahov.
He was awarded the Lenin Order four times, the Order of Krasnaya Zvezda and many medals, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, and was awarded with Orders and medals of many foreign states.
The national flag will be dipped and all entertainment programs will be cancelled on this day.The executive order reads that people's writer of the Kyrgyz Republic Chinghiz Aitmatov, hero of socialist labor, hero of the Kyrgyz Republic, winner of Lenin's and USSR State Awards, died on June 10.Chinghiz Aitmatov will always remain in memory of each Kyrgyz citizen and all Kyrgyz people as a great writer, thinker through whose novels the world learnt about Kyrgyzstan and the Kyrgyz people, their culture and customs.In a deep grief over untimely death of writer Chinghiz Aitmatov, well known in the world and respected by all nations, the executive order stipulates the following:1.
The composer was awarded a number of awards for his long creative activity, including the Stalin Prize (1949), the State Prize of the USSR (1980), as well as the titles of People's Artist of the USSR (1958), People's Artist of the USSR (1965), Hero of Socialist Labor (1982) and etc.
He was conferred for four times with the Lenin Order, the Order of Krasnaya Zvezda and many medals, and twice Hero of Socialist Labor, was awarded by Orders and medals of many foreign states.