was an anatomist and physician, who founded one of the first medical schools in Alexandria.
300 BCE: Herophilus
of Chalcedon, one of the first Greek anatomists to publicly dissect human cadavers, determines arteries are thicker than veins and carry blood.
Fusillo emphasizes the influence of Herophilus
of Alexandria, but as I will explain below, this is insufficient.
At the onset of the Hellenistic era (late 4th century BC), the cardiocentric consensus (heart as control centre) gradually receded, as influential Alexandrians such as Herophilus
and Erasistratus brought evidence of an encephalocentric hegemonikon.
of Alexandria and Erasistratus, his student, are the first to rely on dissection, in 300 BC.
In his book On eyes Herophilus
prescribes an eye ointment for blindness which contained honey, crocodile dung, hyena bile and vitriolic copper (Von Staden 1994:424).
2) Not allowed to dissect human bodies, Galen, who is considered the father of experimental physiology, derived his theories from observations of animals and, as Laqueur notes, from the dissections of Herophilus
, a third century B.
33) Uno de los estudios mas exhaustivos sobre Herofilo y la escuela alejandrina pertenece a von STADEN, Heinrich, Herophilus
was an anatomist at the library; his research led him to chart the purpose and function of all bodily organs, including the brain and nervous system.
The library served the greatest thinkers of the time, among them Euclid, Archimedes, and Herophilus
, to name a few.
9) omits any reference to Herophilus
and Erasistratus in third-century BC Alexandria; when these two figures are mentioned, on pages 29 and 37, no reference is made to Heinrich von Staden's magisterial Herophilus
: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
dissected the human body and realized that the brain, not the heart, is the seat of intelligence.