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Greek mathematician: see Heron of AlexandriaHeron of Alexandria
or Hero,
mathematician and inventor. The dates of his birth and death are unknown; conjecture places them between the 2d cent. B.C. and the 3d cent. A.D. He is believed to have lived in Alexandria; although he wrote in Greek, his origin is uncertain.
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in Greek mythology, priestess of Aphrodite in Sestos. Her lover, Leander, swam the Hellespont nightly from Abydos to see her. During a storm the light by which she guided him blew out, and he drowned. Hero, in despair, then threw herself into the sea. Christopher Marlowe's poem Hero and Leander is based on the story.


in Greek religion, famous person, who after his death, was worshiped as quasi-divine. The heroes might be actual great men and women, real or imaginary ancestors, or "faded" gods and goddesses (i.e., ancient gods who for some reason were demoted to human status). Homer treats his heroes as nobles and fighting men, but many Homeric heroes, such as Hector and Achilles, later became objects of worship. Hero cults were distinctly different from the attendance to the dead, which was meant only to afford comfort in the afterlife. In hero worship, as in the worship of all infernal powers, rituals were performed at night, black animals were sacrificed, and blood and other liquid offerings were poured beside the hero's tomb. The worship centered in general on the supposed place of the hero's tomb; the cult of some heroes, notably Hercules, was, however, widespread.


See E. R. Farnell, Greek Hero Cults and Ideas of Immortality (1921).

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What does it mean when you dream about a hero or heroine?

The hero(ine) is a universal archetype, a symbol, among other things, for the self, even our ideal self. Our creativity and our sense of initiative. Dreaming about being rescued by a hero(ine) is more complex. It could represent either the intervention by our own higher self or a feeling of weakness, helplessness, incompetence, and, as a consequence, a need to be rescued.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


grief-stricken when her beloved Leander drowns while swimming the Hellespont, she drowns herself. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 450]
See: Suicide
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Classical myth a being of extraordinary strength and courage, often the offspring of a mortal and a god, who is celebrated for his exploits


, Heron
1st century ad, Greek mathematician and inventor
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
La mort au combat de ce colon sioniste, en 1920, a donne naissance au nouveau heros hebreu.
L'auteur etablit l'historique de la notion et du concept de heros depuis la Renaissance jusqu'aux heros des regimes totalitaires, en analysant au passage les changements imposes au modele heroique par chaque epoque.
L'un des objectifs de l'ouvrage est de definir l'importance reelle des heros nationaux dans nos societes.
Frailty, shortsightedness, sheer incompetence, raw ambition and narrow interests plagued many of our revered national heroes. Nick Joaquin's seminal book, 'A Question of Heroes,' persuasively details the shortcomings of everyone, from Jose Rizal to Emilio Aguinaldo.
Who is not a hero? That is a far easier question to answer, especially if it refers to someone who thinks himself a hero and resorts to fakery and lies to build his own myth, as in the case of the late, unlamented 'hero of Bessang Pass' Ferdinand Marcos, who was nowhere near it when the months-long battle to take it from the Japanese happened, and whose eldest child Imee is distancing herself from his legacy by saying she was too young (another brazen lie) to be aware of her father's martial law abuses.
In conclusion, what is the best way to be a hero? First of all, don't try to be one.
She thinks that everyone has the potential to be a hero. "Sometimes, being a hero can just be getting through your ordinary day," she says.
Would you rather be a hero or a celebrity when you grow up?
The fairy tales that people read to their children, the animated Saturday morning programming, songs, poems, even the nursery rhymes children memorize are inhabited by the most basic of weaponed heroes --and they are just the beginning.
But, and I believe more importantly, these stories can also be fulfilling and enriching because weaponed heroes are dangerous by their very nature.