First recorded in the Hopedale Diaries (Herrnhut
collections) and dated at 1786, (76) this primarily Iberian name is perhaps the most widespread and common in the nineteenth-century records (33 entries).
A totally different, more detailed manner is represented, for example, by two watercolour portraits of peasants in western Saaremaa, painted in the early 1740s by a missionary despatched there from Moravian Brethren in Herrnhut
Although the inscription referred to an event in Herrnhut
, Germany, it did not necessarily mean the work was copied while Herbst was in Germany.
The orderly settlements described by and imagined by Durer or Frederick Rapp, or those realized by the Harmonists, or at Christianopolis or Herrnhut
, were based to some degree in a grid.
Around the same time (in 1853), Johann Frederick Krumnow and his Moravian followers-- farmers, carpenters, blacksmiths, saddlers, masons and other craftspeople--purchased 1600 acres of Crown Land between Penshurst and Hamilton in Western Victoria and proceeded to establish Herrnhut
, Australia's first commune.
So when revivals broke out in Wales in 1735, there were precedents in Herrnhut
, Saxony, in 1727 and Northampton, Massachusetts, in 1734 and much closer to home, under the preaching of Griffith Jones at Laugharne in 1714.
2: 1528-1576 (Herrnhut
: Verlag der Missionsbuchhandlung, 1931), 346f; Zeman, Anabaptists and Czech Brethren, 249-259.
In their chapter "Greenland in Herrnhut
," Kristine Raahauge and Hans Gullov catalog many of the Greenlandic objects preserved in the Moravian Volkerkundemuseum at Herrnhut
Spener was one of his heroes; he was no stranger to the devotional manuals of Stark and Scriver; the Herrnhut
Losung of the day formed part of his "spiritual breakfast"; and he happily regaled the children of Neuendettelsau with tales from Zinzendorf's "love-rich life." As Loehe described, his ecclesial aspirations as "a further development of Lutheranism" into an "apostolic episcopal brethren Church" (apostolisch episkopale Brudokirche), (23) some will predictably trip over the adjective "episcopal;" but I think it would be more interesting by far to dig into the Zinzendorfian dimensions of what all Loehe meant by Bruderkirche.
During the Thirty Years' War the members of the denomination sought refuge on the estate of a Saxon nobleman named Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf in the village of Herrnhut
. In 1741, after attempts to send missionaries to England and Georgia, the church established the community of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
They also consider the prehistory of Cape Farewell and the East Greenlandic culture, which never managed to stem the tide of European dominance; and a bit of modern Greenland found today in Herrnhut
. Distributed in the US by ISBS.