With the help of data from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and Herschel Space Observatory
, the SOFIA team analyzed the stars and found that one gigantic star may a mass equal to about 100 Suns.
The researchers first detected this system with the European Space Agency's Herschel Space Observatory
. It appeared as a single red dot in the telescope's survey of the southern sky.
To learn more about the Kuiper Belt object 2007 [OR.sub.10], Andras Pal (Konkoly Observatory, Hungary) and others used data from NASA's repurposed Kepler space telescope along with archival observations from ESA's Herschel Space Observatory
. By combining the object's radiated heat with its visible brightness and its rotational period, Pal explains, "one can unambiguously obtain the size of the object and the surface albedo as well."
This may be associated with observations of water vapor at Ceres by the Herschel space observatory
that were reported in 2014.
Now, using the combined strengths of the Herschel Space Observatory
and the Planck Satellite, astronomers have found objects in the distant universe, seen at a time when it was only 3,000,000,000 years old, which could be precursors of the clusters seen around us today.
Infrared Astronomy--Seeing the Heat from William Herschel to the Herschel Space Observatory
is a college-level physics reference that astronomy holdings will find especially appealing because no math background is required in order to understand its science.
Infrared Astronomy -- Seeing the Heat: From William Herschel to the Herschel Space Observatory
Dr Gomez said: "The fact that Steve and I have been recognised for our research into cosmic dust is due to the incredible team involved in the Herschel Space Observatory
and the significant Cardiff involvement in this amazing space mission." The academics join three previous winners from Cardiff University, Prof Matt Griffin (recognised in 2009, 2011 and 2014), Prof Peter Ade (twice in 2009) and Prof Walter Gear (2009).
But in 2011, a team using the Herschel Space Observatory
, an infrared telescope operated by the European Space Agency, took a look at water vapor from the comet Hartley 2 and found that its deuterium signal perfectly matched Earth's water.
Sparky was identified with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Herschel Space Observatory
and the W.M.
Astronomers have used ESA's Herschel Space Observatory
to find surprisingly large amounts of cold gas in some giant elliptical galaxies.