Theodor Herzl

(redirected from Hertzl)
Theodor Herzl
Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl
Birthday
BirthplacePest, Kingdom of Hungary
Died
NationalityAustria-Hungary
Occupation
Journalist, playwright, writer, political activist
EducationLaw
Known for Father of modern political Zionism

Herzl, Theodor

(tā`ōdôr hĕr`tsəl), 1860–1904, Hungarian Jew, founder of modern ZionismZionism,
modern political movement for reconstituting a Jewish national state in Palestine. Early Years

The rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th cent.
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. Sent to Paris as a correspondent for the Vienna Neue Frei Presse, he reported on the Dreyfus affair. Appalled by the vicious anti-Semitism he observed, he decided that Jewish assimilation in Europe was impossible and that the only solution to the Jewish problem was the establishment of a Jewish national state. He stated his ideas in his famous pamphlet, Der Judenstaat, first published in 1896. Herzl organized the first Zionist World Congress (1897) and served as its president from its inception until his death. In 1949 his body was moved from Vienna to Jerusalem, for burial with the highest honors by the Israeli nation.

Bibliography

See his diaries (ed. by R. Patai, tr. 1960); biographies by A. Bein (tr. 1962), D. Stewart (1974), and N. H. Finkelstein (1987); I. Friedman and H. M. Sacher, ed., Herzl's Political Activity, 1897–1904 (1988).

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References in periodicals archive ?
People of great prominence in 20th-century history are among the correspondents, including Albert Einstein, Franz Werfel, Theodor Hertzl, Stefan Zweig, C.G.
People of great prominence in 20th-century history are among the correspondents: Franz Werfel, Theodor Hertzl, Stefan Zweig, C.G.
Theodore Hertzl, and after him Vladimir Yabotinski, had no illusions as to how conserving and controlling water was to be achieved.
Goodman's life, like his writings, was ringed with his dual loves of Zionism and Canada; indeed, he named his son Wilfred Hertzl Goodman, after Wilfrid Laurier, the Canadian prime minister, and Theodore Hertzl.
"Israeli settlement in territories densely populated by an Arab population could bring about a threatening demographic change; that is, it could endanger the Jewish majority in Israel" Peres said at a ceremony to commemorate Theodore Hertzl, who is the founder of Zionism.
Berger worked as a machine operator for the Putnam Hertzl Co.
In Hertzl's 'The Jewish State' the father of Zionism said: "We must investigate and take possession of the new Jewish country by means of every modern expedient." I guess I agree with Ehud Barak ( 3 June 1998) when he said, "If I were a Palestinian, I'd also join a terror group." I'd go a step further perhaps.
Wells's When the Sleeper Wakes (Britain, 1899) and Theodor Hertzl's Alteneuland (Austria, 1902), were prompted by the appearance of Looking Backward and sometimes borrowed its literary effects and character types.
This hope is the very hope of Theodore Hertzl's Zionist movement in the 19th century that motivated widespread Jewish immigration to the land of Palestine.
(Belgium is made up of communities of Dutch, French and German speakers, with each group being able to elect its own parliament that governs such things as culture, education and language).Israeli consternation notwithstanding, the vision that Israeli Arabs are putting forward is consonant with the vision of the founder of Zionism, Theodor Hertzl, as described by the Israeli writer A.B.